The Preliminary Results of Establishment Listing 2009


Brief Analysis of Preliminary Results of EL2009

Total number of establishments was 375,095 in Cambodia. (Refer to Table 1, Graph 1, and Map 1.)

The preliminary results of the Nation-wide Establishment Listing of Cambodia 2009 (EL2009) provide the current situation of establishments in Cambodia just after the worldwide economic crisis which occurred in September 2009. They were the aggregation of the number of establishments on Summary Forms which were filled in by enumerators and checked by supervisors. Therefore, the preliminary results might be slightly different from the final results which are based on Forms and will be released in December 2009.

There were 375,095 establishments in Cambodia as of 9 February 2009 as the preliminary results of the EL2009 implemented by the National Institute of Statistics (NIS), Ministry of Planning, Cambodia. The EL2009 covered all areas in the country without exception and all establishments excluding individual proprietorships which belong to Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishery industries of International Standard Industrial Classifications (ISIC) version 4 and mobile establishments.

Cambodia has 375,095 establishments and the number of establishments per 1,000 persons is 28.0 establishments. As compared with other countries, Japan has 5.9 millions and 46.3; Indonesia 22.7 millions and 102.3; and Laos 209 thousands and 37.4 respectively. Among these four countries, Cambodia has relatively fewer establishments for its population size. 1)

The biggest province in terms of the number of establishments was Phnom Penh with 55,802 establishments or 14.9% to the total number of Cambodia, followed by Kampong Cham (43,787 or 11.7%), Kandal (38,791 or 10.3%), Takeo (27,431 or 7.3%), and Prey Veng (26,563 or 7.1%). These five provinces are located in the southern part of the country and are plain areas, occupying more than 50% of the total number of Cambodia. Phnom Penh has been developing as the capital city, and especially, the tertiary industry has achieved remarkable development. Furthermore, the construction of high-rise buildings is in progress, and a special economic zone has been partially completed. In Kampong Cham, there are six large-scale industries: rubber, starchy food, animal feed, footwear, timber, and wearing apparel manufacturing. In Takeo, there are five large-scale industries: rice milling, pure drinking water, wearing apparel, brick producing, and water supply. In addition, construction material center is an outstanding industry. In Prey Veng, wearing apparel is a large-scale industry.

Meanwhile, the smallest province was Kep with 789 establishments or 0.2% to the national total perhaps reflecting the fact that its area is the narrowest in all provinces, followed by Mondul Kiri (1,637 or 0.4%), Pailin (1,904 or 0.5%), Stung Treng (2,656 or 0.7%), and Oddar Meanchey (3,683 or 1.0%). These five provinces are located in the northern or eastern part of the country except Kep. Although Kep was the smallest, there are three large-scale industries: hotel, salt producing, and fish sauces. In Pailin, there were five large-scale industries: casino, guesthouse, restaurant, quarrying, and selling construction materials. In addition, electricity supply is an outstanding industry. However, casinos, guesthouses, and restaurants are decreasing.

 

1) There are some slight differences in the definition of establishment among four countries. The data sources are 2005 Population Census and 2006 Establishment and Enterprise Census for Japan, Population Estimation and Economic Census in 2006 for Indonesia, and 2005 Population Census and 2006 Economic Census for Laos.

 

Table 1. Provisional Number of Establishments, Percent to Total, and Rank by Province in 2009

 

No.

Province

Provisional Number of Establishments in 2009

Percent to Total Number of Cambodia

Rank

Provisional Population        in 2008  1)

Percent to     Total Population of Cambodia

Rank

 

 

(establishments)

(%)

 

(persons)

(%)

 

 

Cambodia

375,095

100.0

 

13,388,910

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

01

Banteay Meanchey

15,586

4.2

10

678,033

5.1

9

02

Battambang

19,384

5.2

7

1,024,663

7.7

4

03

Kampong Cham

43,787

11.7

2

1,680,694

12.6

1

04

Kampong Chhnang

13,889

3.7

11

471,616

3.5

13

05

Kampong Speu

18,259

4.9

9

716,517

5.4

8

06

Kampong Thom

19,278

5.1

8

630,803

4.7

10

07

Kampot

13,345

3.6

12

585,110

4.4

11

08

Kandal

38,791

10.3

3

1,265,085

9.4

3

09

Koh Kong

4,733

1.3

18

139,722

1.0

20

10

Kratie

7,795

2.1

15

318,523

2.4

15

11

Mondul Kiri

1,637

0.4

23

60,811

0.5

23

12

Phnom Penh

55,802

14.9

1

1,325,681

9.9

2

13

Preah Vihear

5,130

1.4

17

170,852

1.3

18

14

Prey Veng

26,563

7.1

5

947,357

7.1

5

15

Pursat

9,999

2.7

14

397,107

3.0

14

16

Ratanak Kiri

3,857

1.0

19

149,997

1.1

19

17

Siemreap

20,998

5.6

6

896,309

6.7

6

18

Sihanoukville

7,609

2.0

16

199,902

1.5

16

19

Stung Treng

2,656

0.7

21

111,734

0.8

21

20

Svay Rieng

12,190

3.2

13

482,785

3.6

12

21

Takeo

27,431

7.3

4

843,931

6.3

7

22

Oddar Meanchey

3,683

1.0

20

185,443

1.4

17

23

Kep

789

0.2

24

35,753

0.3

24

24

Pailin

1,904

0.5

22

70,482

0.5

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1) Provisional Population of 2008 Population Census, Cambodia