Provisional Population Totals of Population Census 2008

Figures at a Glance

 

Number of Provinces

 

24

Number of Districts

 

185

Number of Communes

 

1,621

Number of Villages

 

14,073

Population of Cambodia

Both Sexes

13,388,910

 

Males

6,495,512

 

Females

6,893,398

Percentage of Urban Population

 

19.5

Annual Population Growth Rate (percent)

 

1.54

Density of Population

 

75 per Km²

Sex Ratio (males per 100 females)

 

94.2

Average Size of Household

 

4.7

 

The population and housing census of any country is the main source of information about the size and geographic distribution of its population and housing as well as the demographic, social, cultural and economic characteristics of the people. The chief merit of a census is that it covers the population of the entire country and provides continuity and comparability of population data over time. In accordance with U.N recommendations and the stipulation in the Statistical Law of Cambodia, the Royal Government of Cambodia had decided to conduct a general population census every ten years beginning with the 1998 census.

Staterment 2.1 Population of Cambodia according to different sources

Source

Population

Remarks

Both Sexes

Males

Females

 

1962 census

5,728,771

2,862,939

2,865,832

Reference time of census was the night on April 17-18, 1962

 

1980 General Demographic Survey

 

6,589,954

3,049,450

3,540,504

With reference to the end of 1980

1993-94 Socio-Economic Survey of Cambodia

9,870,000

4,714,000

5,156,000

Extrapolated population with reference to April 1994 based on a sample of 5,578 households

 

1996 Demographic Survey of Cambodia

10,702,329

5,119,587

5,582,742

Extrapolated population with reference to March 20, 1996 based on a sample of 20,000 households

 

1998 Census

11,437,656

5,511,408

5,926,248

With reference to March 3, 1998. Did not include a few areas where conflict took place at the time of the census. Population in these omitted areas was estimated at 45,000

2004 Cambodia Inter-censal Population Survey (CIPS)

12,824,000

6,197,000

6,627,000

Estimate of population in regular households only as of March 3, 2004 as the survey did not cover institutional population, homeless population etc.

2008 Census

 

13,388,910

6,495,512

6,893,398

With reference to March 3, 2008.Includes estimate for non-response in respect of some households.


During the last decade, Cambodia’s population has increased by 1.95 million. Three Statements 2.2, 2.3 and 2.4 are presented below showing the annual percentage growth rates of population in Cambodia and provinces for total urban and rural areas respectively.

Statement 2.2. Growth Rates of Population during 1998 - 2008 by Province

 

Cambodia – Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Population

Annual Growth

 

Province

2008

1998

Rate (percent)

 

 

   

 

 

Cambodia - Total

13,388,910

11,437,656

1.54

(*)

 

 

 

 

 

Banteay Meanchey

678,033

577,772

1.57

(*)

Battambang

1,024,663

793,129

2.28

(*)

Kampong Cham

1,680,694

1,608,914

0.44

 

Kampong Chhnang

471,616

417,693

1.21

 

Kampong Speu

716,517

598,882

1.79

 

Kampong Thom

630,803

569,060

1.03

 

Kampot

585,110

528,405

1.02

 

Kandal

1,265,085

1,075,125

1.63

 

Koh Kong

139,722

132,106

0.56

 

Kratie

318,523

263,175

1.91

 

Mondul Kiri

60,811

32,407

6.29

 

Phnom Penh

1,325,681

999,804

2.82

 

Preah Vihear

170,852

119,261

3.59

 

Prey Veng

947,357

946,042

0.01

 

Pursat

397,107

360,445

0.70

(*)

Ratanak Kiri

149,997

94,243

4.65

 

Siemreap

896,309

696,164

2.53

 

Sihanoukville

199,902

155,690

2.50

 

Stung Treng

111,734

81,074

3.21

 

Svay Rieng

482,785

478,252

0.09

 

Takeo

843,931

790,168

0.66

 

Oddar Meanchey

185,443

68,279

8.62

(*)

Kep

35,753

28,660

2.21

 

Pailin

70,482

22,906

11.24

 

 

Note: (*) The annual exponential growth rate is worked out after adding estimated population in areas (wholly rural) where the 1998 census could not be conducted due to conflict. See text for details.

Provisional Table 1. Number of Households and Population by Province and Sex

Province

Number

Population

Average

 

of

Households

 

Both Sexes

 

Males

 

Females

 

Sex Ratio

Household Size (*)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cambodia – Total

2,832,691

13,388,910

6,495,512

6,893,398

94.2

4.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Banteay Meanchey

144,400

678,033

331,289

346,744

95.5

4.6

Battambang

210,327

1,024,663

504,974

519,689

97.2

4.8

Kampong Cham

368,871

1,680,694

817,251

863,443

94.7

4.5

Kampong Chhnang

101,122

471,616

226,357

245,259

92.3

4.6

Kampong Speu

149,132

716,517

347,594

368,923

94.2

4.8

Kampong Thom

134,123

630,803

306,547

324,256

94.5

4.7

Kampot

129,745

585,110

283,604

301,506

94.1

4.5

Kandal

257,857

1,265,085

609,810

655,275

93.1

4.9

Koh Kong

28,853

139,722

70,665

69,057

102.3

4.8

Kratie

65,632

318,523

158,365

160,158

98.9

4.8

Mondul Kiri

12,296

60,811

31,128

29,683

104.9

4.9

Phnom Penh

257,828

1,325,681

622,197

703,484

88.4

5.1

Preah Vihear

33,260

170,852

84,909

85,943

98.8

5.1

Prey Veng

226,764

947,357

451,875

495,482

91.2

4.2

Pursat

83,515

397,107

192,354

204,753

93.9

4.7

Ratanak Kiri

27,396

149,997

75,827

74,170

102.2

5.5

Siemreap

180,097

896,309

437,994

458,315

95.6

5.0

Sihanoukville

40,478

199,902

99,226

100,676

98.6

4.9

Stung Treng

21,179

111,734

55,635

56,099

99.2

5.2

Svay Rieng

115,282

482,785

231,129

251,656

91.8

4.2

Takeo

183,905

843,931

409,799

434,132

94.4

4.6

Oddar Meanchey

38,642

185,443

93,193

92,250

101

4.8

Kep

7,234

35,753

17,603

18,150

97

4.9

Pailin

14,753

70,482

36,187

34,295

105.5

4.7

(*) Based on Normal or Regular Households
The provisional results published in this report are for advance information of stakeholders and the public until the final census results are available in mid 2009. The 2008 General Population Census of Cambodia was conducted on a de facto basis with 00:00 hours of March 3, 2008 as reference time.