Table 13

Table : Nutrition status of children


Percentage of children under five years classified as malnourished according to three  anthropometric indices of nutritional status: height-for-age, weight-for-height, and weight-for-age, by background characteristics, Cambodia 2005

Background characteristics

Height-for-age

Weight-for-height

Weight-for-age

Number of children
Percentage below -3 SD Percentage below -2SD Mean
Z-score
Percentage below -3SD Percentage blow -2SD1 Mean
Z-score
Percentage below -3SD Percentage blow -2SD Mean
Z-score
Age in months
  <6 0.2 5.6 -0.3 0.6 3.6 -0.1 1.2 4.7 -0.2 286
  6-8 0.9 9.3 -0.7 0.9 4.9 -0.3 1.7 9.6 -0.8 189
  9-11 5.1 20.4 -1.2 2.1 8.9 -0.7 11.0 34.7 -1.5 173
  12-17 11.3 34.4 -1.7 0.9 11.6 -0.8 5.7 36.4 -1.7 373
  18-23 15.3 49.3 -1.9 1.1 12.2 -1.1 6.6 45.3 -1.8 40.3
  24-35 13.3 39.1 -1.6 0.5 6.9 -0.9 7.9 40.2 -1.7 706
  36-47 17.3 43.6 -1.9 0.5 6.5 -0.8 9.6 41.5 -1.8 748
  48-59 17.7 47.7 -2.0 0.7 5.1 -0.8 6.6 38.4 -1.8 710
Sex
  Male 13.6 38.8 -1.7 0.6 7.1 -0.8 6.6 35.3 -1.6 1.739
  Female 12.2 35.8 -1.6 0.9 7.4 -0.8 7.3 35.8 -1.6 1.849
Birth interval in month2
  First birth3 10.6 29.7 -1.4 0.7 7.8 -0.7 5.6 30.8 -1.4 906
  <24 19.1 46.5 -1.9 0.8 7.1 -0.8 9.5 44.5 -1.8 433
  24-47 14.6 40.7 -1.7 0.9 6.2 -0.8 7.0 38.5 -1.7 1.191
  48+ 9.3 33.9 -1.5 0.5 8.8 -0.8 5.5 32.0 -1.6 802
Size at birth
  Very small 17.8 49.8 -2.0 1.6 13.1 -1.1 15.4 53.8 -2.1 108
  Small 15.8 47.9 -1.9 1.2 10.7 -1.0 14.1 49.4 -1.9 344
  Average or larger 12.3 34.9 -1.6 0.6 6.9 -0.7 5.3 33.1 -1.5 2.853
Mother's status
  Interviewed 12.9 36.8 -1.6 0.7 7.4 -0.8 6.6 35.6 -1.6 3.332
  Not interviewed but in
  household
9.5 43.4 -1.8 1.1 8.6 -1.0 8.2 43.7 -1.9 63
  Not interviewed, and not in
  the household4
15.0 42.7 -1.7 1.2 4.7 -0.7 12.7 31.8 -1.5 19.2
  Mother's nutritional status5
  Thin (BMI<18.5) 16.4 40.7 -1.8 1.3 11.8 -1.1 11.8 48.2 -1.9 645
  Normal (BMI 18.5-24.9) 12.1 36.4 -1.6 0.6 6.6 -0.7 5.6 33.3 -1.5 2.445
  Overweight/obese (BMI>=25) 9.4 33.9 -1.4 0.3 3.8 -0.6 2.8 28.5 -1.4 267
Residence
  Urban 9.5 30.5 -1.4 0.9 8.3 -0.8 6.2 34.7 -1.4 486
  Rural 13.4 38.3 -1.7 0.7 7.1 -0.8 7.0 35.7 -1.6 3.101
Province
  Banteay Mean Chey 9.3 34.1 -1.5 0.0 5.5 -0.6 4.6 27.6 -1.4 145
  Kampong Cham 17.2 37.2 -1.7 0.0 6.0 -0.7 8.0 33.1 -1.6 400
  Kampong Chhnang 11.5 37.3 -1.6 0.5 4.6 -0.7 3.4 34.0 -1.5 146
  Kampong Speu 6.5 36.6 -1.5 0.2 7.6 -0.8 5.1 30.7 -1.6 218
  Kampong Thom 11.9 41.1 -1.8 0.0 3.4 -0.9 9.1 37.4 -1.7 197
  Kandal 9.7 26.8 -1.3 1.4 11.5 -0.9 4.1 35.0 -1.5 328
  Kratie 14.4 37.1 -1.7 0.4 4.2 -0.7 7.4 35.5 -1.6 100
  Phnom penh 4.2 22.3 -1.0 0.5 5.5 -0.6 3.2 21.2 -1.1 282
  Prey Veng 14.8 38.3 -1.7 2.7 11.3 -1.0 13.5 41.3 -1.8 262
  Pursat 33.2 61.6 -2.3 4.7 17.0 -0.6 12.0 48.6 -1.9 90
  Siem Reap 19.3 53.3 -2.1 0.4 6.3 -0.8 9.6 47.5 -1.8 311
  Sray Rieng 13.3 35.4 -1.6 1.4 7.8 -0.8 7.0 37.6 -1.6 120
  Takeo 14.5 38.5 -1.6 2.0 7.6 -0.8 6.5 37.8 -1.6 241
  Otdar Mean Chey 15.3 47.3 -1.9 0.0 10.3 -0.8 8.0 39.2 -1.7 41
  Battambang/Krong Pailin 7.5 36.2 -1.5 0.0 5.6 -0.7 2.4 29.8 -1.4 271
  Kampot/Krong Kep 7.9 28.2 -1.4 0.0 5.0 -0.8 2.6 31.0 -1.5 184
  Krong Preah Sihanouk/
  Kaoh Kong
16.6 36.8 -1.6 0.3 7.3 -0.8 8.7 37.3 -1.6 91
  Preah Vihear/Steung Treng 12.1 42.0 -1.8 0.4 9.7 -1.0 9.5 48.1 -1.9 90
  Mondol Kiri/ Rattanak Kiri 30.4 54.0 -2.3 0.0 7.6 -0.8 22.1 52.2 -2.1 69
Mother's Education 6
  No schooling 18.5 45.8 -1.9 1.2 7.9 -0.8 9.3 43.5 -1.8 809
  Primary 12.8 37.8 -1.6 0.7 6.9 -0.8 6.6 35.9 -1.6 1,992
  Secondary and higher 5.0 22.2 -1.1 0.3 8.6 -0.8 3.0 25.1 -1.3 594
Wealth quintile
  Lowest 19.4 46.7 -1.9 0.9 8.3 -0.8 10.4 42.9 -1.8 884
  Second 15.0 42.5 -1.8 0.8 9.2 -0.8 9.0 39.8 -1.7 785
  Middle 11.6 36.5 -1.6 0.3 5.5 -0.8 5.0 33.5 -1.6 681
  Fourth 9.7 35.5 -1.5 1.1 6.0 -0.8 5.5 34.3 -1.6 633
  Highest 5.6 19.4 -1.1 0.7 6.7 -0.6 2.8 23.1 -1.2 605
Total 12.9 37.3 -1.6 0.8 7.3 -0.8 6.9 35.6 -1.6 3,587

Note: Table is based on children who stayed in the household the night before the interview. Each of the indices is expressed in standard deviation units
(SD) from the median of the NCHS/CDC/WHO International Reference Population. Table is based on children with valid dates of birth (month and year)
and valid measurement of both height and weight. Total includes 27 cases for which size at birth is missing and 34 cases for which mother’s nutritional
status is missing.
1 Includes children who are below -3 standard deviations (SD) from the International Reference Population median
2 Excludes children whose mothers were not interviewed
3 First-born twins (triplets, etc.) are counted as first births because they do not have a previous birth interval.
4 Includes children whose mothers are deceased
5 Mother's nutritional status in terms of BMI (Body Mass Index) is presented in Table 15
6 For women who are not interviewed, information is taken from the Household Questionnaire. Excludes children whose mothers are not listed in the Household Questionnaire