The labour force in relation to the working age population( 15-64 year ), 2021
1. Population and labour force (15-64 years) by sex and geographical domain
In thousands and percent.
Labour force and sex 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Total population †††† 12,657 †††††† 1,209 †††††† 1,393 †††† 10,056 †††† 13,230 †††††† 1,310 †††††† 1,356 †††† 10,564 †††† 13,389 †††††† 1,317 †††††† 1,375 ††††††††† 10,697 ††††††††† 13,967 †††††††††††† 1,383 †††††††††††† 1,428 ††††††††† 11,156 ††††††††† 13,958 †††††††††††† 1,363 †††††††††††† 1,436 ††††††††† 11,158 ††††††† 14,155 †††††† 1,524 †††††† 1,456 †††† 11,175 †††† 14,376 †††††† 1,502 †††††† 1,806 †††† 11,068 †††† 14,678 †††††† 1,738 †††††† 1,595 †††† 11,344 †††† 15,184 †††††† 1,794 †††††† 1,796 ††††††† 11,594 †††† 15,405 †††††† 1,993 †††††† 1,772 †††† 11,639 †††† 15,626 †††††† 1,897 †††††† 1,958 †††† 11,771 ††††††† 15,484 †††††† 1,948 †††††† 1,977 †††† 11,923 †††† 15,954 †††††† 2,340 †††††† 3,953 †††††† 9,661 †††† 16,592 †††††† 2,435 †††††† 4,084 †††† 10,074
Total working age population †††††† 7,589 ††††††††† 870 ††††††††† 866 †††††† 5,854 †††††† 8,232 ††††††††† 963 ††††††††† 833 †††††† 6,436 †††††† 8,379 ††††††††† 970 ††††††††† 893 †††††††††††† 6,516 †††††††††††† 8,865 †††††††††††† 1,001 ††††††††††††††† 956 †††††††††††† 6,907 †††††††††††† 8,853 ††††††††††††††† 981 ††††††††††††††† 946 †††††††††††† 6,926 †††††††††† 9,038 †††††† 1,111 ††††††††† 952 †††††† 6,974 †††††† 9,167 †††††† 1,108 †††††† 1,193 †††††† 6,865 †††††† 9,604 †††††† 1,273 †††††† 1,057 †††††† 7,274 †††† 10,001 †††††† 1,361 †††††† 1,219 ††††††††† 7,421 †††† 10,113 †††††† 1,461 †††††† 1,195 †††††† 7,455 †††† 10,265 †††††† 1,374 †††††† 1,355 †††††† 7,556 ††††††† 10,416 †††††† 1,419 †††††† 1,345 †††††† 7,652 †††† 10,316 †††††† 1,684 †††††† 2,632 †††††† 6,000 †††† 10,825 †††††† 1,773 †††††† 2,840 †††††† 6,213
Labour force †††††† 6,235 ††††††††† 596 ††††††††† 680 †††††† 4,959 †††††† 6,888 ††††††††† 664 ††††††††† 652 †††††† 5,572 †††††† 6,854 ††††††††† 671 ††††††††† 659 †††††††††††† 5,524 †††††††††††† 7,480 ††††††††††††††† 688 ††††††††††††††† 737 †††††††††††† 6,055 †††††††††††† 7,702 ††††††††††††††† 693 ††††††††††††††† 776 †††††††††††† 6,233 †††††††††† 7,907 ††††††††† 775 ††††††††† 794 †††††† 6,339 †††††† 7,718 ††††††††† 850 ††††††††† 955 †††††† 5,913 †††††† 7,974 ††††††††† 942 ††††††††† 814 †††††† 6,219 †††††† 8,259 †††††† 1,060 ††††††††† 961 ††††††††† 6,238 †††††† 8,359 †††††† 1,142 ††††††††† 933 †††††† 6,283 †††††† 8,624 †††††† 1,084 †††††† 1,077 †††††† 6,463 ††††††††† 8,779 †††††† 1,065 †††††† 1,086 †††††† 6,629 †††††† 9,020 †††††† 1,355 †††††† 2,304 †††††† 5,361 †††††† 9,062 †††††† 1,305 †††††† 2,371 †††††† 5,385
Labour force participation rate
Both Sexes †††††††† 82.2 †††††††† 68.6 †††††††† 78.5 †††††††† 84.7 †††††††† 83.7 †††††††† 68.9 †††††††† 78.3 †††††††† 86.6 †††††††† 81.8 †††††††† 69.2 †††††††† 73.8 †††††††††††††† 84.8 †††††††††††††† 84.4 †††††††††††††† 68.7 †††††††††††††† 77.2 †††††††††††††† 87.7 †††††††††††††† 87.0 †††††††††††††† 70.7 †††††††††††††† 82.0 †††††††††††††† 90.0 †††††††††††† 87.5 †††††††† 69.7 †††††††† 83.4 †††††††† 90.9 †††††††† 84.2 †††††††† 76.7 †††††††† 80.1 †††††††† 86.1 †††††††† 83.0 †††††††† 74.0 †††††††† 77.0 †††††††† 85.5 †††††††† 77.5 †††††††† 72.2 †††††††† 71.1 ††††††††††† 79.6 †††††††† 77.2 †††††††† 71.1 †††††††† 71.1 †††††††† 79.2 †††††††† 84.0 †††††††† 78.9 †††††††† 80.7 †††††††† 85.5 ††††††††††† 84.3 †††††††† 75.1 †††††††† 80.7 †††††††† 86.6 †††††††† 87.4 †††††††† 80.5 †††††††† 87.5 †††††††† 89.4 †††††††† 83.7 †††††††† 73.6 †††††††† 83.5 †††††††† 86.7
Women †††††††† 77.5 †††††††† 63.0 †††††††† 75.3 †††††††† 80.0 †††††††† 78.3 †††††††† 61.8 †††††††† 72.6 †††††††† 81.5 †††††††† 75.6 †††††††† 61.5 †††††††† 65.3 †††††††††††††† 79.1 †††††††††††††† 80.4 †††††††††††††† 61.5 †††††††††††††† 72.7 †††††††††††††† 84.3 †††††††††††††† 84.2 †††††††††††††† 64.8 †††††††††††††† 79.3 †††††††††††††† 87.6 †††††††††††† 84.8 †††††††† 62.5 †††††††† 79.9 †††††††† 89.0 †††††††† 79.7 †††††††† 71.7 †††††††† 75.2 †††††††† 81.7 †††††††† 77.8 †††††††† 67.0 †††††††† 73.0 †††††††† 80.4 †††††††† 87.9 †††††††† 84.1 †††††††† 87.3 ††††††††††† 88.7 †††††††† 88.5 †††††††† 86.0 †††††††† 86.0 †††††††† 89.7 †††††††† 78.9 †††††††† 73.7 †††††††† 73.3 †††††††† 80.9 ††††††††††† 80.1 †††††††† 67.8 †††††††† 75.3 †††††††† 83.2 †††††††† 84.1 †††††††† 76.3 †††††††† 84.1 †††††††† 86.3 †††††††† 78.9 †††††††† 65.2 †††††††† 78.5 †††††††† 83.1
Men †††††††† 87.4 †††††††† 75.1 †††††††† 82.1 †††††††† 90.1 †††††††† 89.6 †††††††† 77.1 †††††††† 83.7 †††††††† 92.2 †††††††† 88.8 †††††††† 78.1 †††††††† 83.3 †††††††††††††† 91.1 †††††††††††††† 88.8 †††††††††††††† 77.2 †††††††††††††† 82.1 †††††††††††††† 91.3 †††††††††††††† 90.0 †††††††††††††† 76.9 †††††††††††††† 85.3 †††††††††††††† 92.5 †††††††††††† 90.4 †††††††† 77.4 †††††††† 87.2 †††††††† 92.9 †††††††† 89.1 †††††††† 82.3 †††††††† 85.2 †††††††† 90.8 †††††††† 88.7 †††††††† 81.7 †††††††† 81.1 †††††††† 91.1 †††††††† 82.6 †††††††† 77.9 †††††††† 78.8 ††††††††††† 84.1 †††††††† 82.7 †††††††† 78.2 †††††††† 78.2 †††††††† 84.3 ††† 8,624.0 †††††††† 89.4 †††††††† 84.6 †††††††† 88.5 ††††††††††† 88.8 †††††††† 83.0 †††††††† 86.6 †††††††† 90.2 †††††††† 91.0 †††††††† 85.0 †††††††† 91.2 †††††††† 92.7 †††††††† 88.7 †††††††† 82.6 †††††††† 88.6 †††††††† 90.6
Employment rate
Both Sexes †††††††† 81.3 †††††††† 65.9 †††††††† 77.3 †††††††† 84.2 †††††††† 83.0 †††††††† 67.6 †††††††† 76.4 †††††††† 86.2 †††††††† 81.5 †††††††† 68.7 †††††††† 73.5 †††††††††††††† 84.5 †††††††††††††† 84.3 †††††††††††††† 68.5 †††††††††††††† 77.0 †††††††††††††† 87.6 †††††††††††††† 86.7 †††††††††††††† 70.1 †††††††††††††† 81.7 †††††††††††††† 89.7 †††††††††††† 87.3 †††††††† 69.3 †††††††† 83.3 †††††††† 90.7 †††††††† 84.1 †††††††† 76.5 †††††††† 79.6 †††††††† 86.1 †††††††† 82.8 †††††††† 73.9 †††††††† 76.6 †††††††† 85.2 †††††††† 77.4 †††††††† 72.0 †††††††† 71.1 ††††††††††† 79.4 †††††††† 77.1 †††††††† 71.0 †††††††† 71.0 †††††††† 79.1 †††††††† 83.9 †††††††† 78.6 †††††††† 80.4 †††††††† 85.4 ††††††††††† 84.2 †††††††† 74.8 †††††††† 80.4 †††††††† 86.6 †††††††† 85.4 †††††††† 77.5 †††††††† 85.1 †††††††† 87.7 †††††††† 82.8 †††††††† 72.7 †††††††† 82.5 †††††††† 85.9
Women †††††††† 76.6 †††††††† 59.9 †††††††† 74.1 †††††††† 79.5 †††††††† 77.7 †††††††† 60.8 †††††††† 70.4 †††††††† 81.1 †††††††† 75.3 †††††††† 61.1 †††††††† 64.8 †††††††††††††† 78.8 †††††††††††††† 80.3 †††††††††††††† 61.4 †††††††††††††† 72.6 †††††††††††††† 84.2 †††††††††††††† 84.0 †††††††††††††† 64.3 †††††††††††††† 78.9 †††††††††††††† 87.5 †††††††††††† 84.7 †††††††† 62.2 †††††††† 79.8 †††††††† 88.9 †††††††† 79.5 †††††††† 71.7 †††††††† 74.5 †††††††† 81.7 †††††††† 77.6 †††††††† 66.9 †††††††† 72.6 †††††††† 80.1 †††††††† 87.8 †††††††† 84.0 †††††††† 87.3 ††††††††††† 88.6 †††††††† 88.5 †††††††† 85.8 †††††††† 85.8 †††††††† 89.7 †††††††† 78.8 †††††††† 73.6 †††††††† 72.9 †††††††† 80.8 ††††††††††† 79.9 †††††††† 67.6 †††††††† 74.7 †††††††† 83.2 †††††††† 81.0 †††††††† 71.4 †††††††† 80.5 †††††††† 83.9 †††††††† 78.0 †††††††† 64.4 †††††††† 77.4 †††††††† 82.2
Men †††††††† 86.6 †††††††† 72.9 †††††††† 80.8 †††††††† 89.5 †††††††† 89.0 †††††††† 75.5 †††††††† 82.1 †††††††† 91.9 †††††††† 88.5 †††††††† 77.3 †††††††† 83.2 †††††††††††††† 90.9 †††††††††††††† 88.6 †††††††††††††† 76.9 †††††††††††††† 81.7 †††††††††††††† 91.2 †††††††††††††† 89.6 †††††††††††††† 76.4 †††††††††††††† 84.8 †††††††††††††† 92.2 †††††††††††† 90.2 †††††††† 76.8 †††††††† 87.1 †††††††† 92.7 †††††††† 89.0 †††††††† 81.9 †††††††† 84.9 †††††††† 90.8 †††††††† 88.5 †††††††† 81.6 †††††††† 80.8 †††††††† 90.8 †††††††† 82.4 †††††††† 77.8 †††††††† 78.8 ††††††††††† 83.9 †††††††† 82.6 †††††††† 78.0 †††††††† 78.0 †††††††† 84.2 †††††††† 89.4 †††††††† 84.6 †††††††† 88.5 †††††††† 90.4 ††††††††††† 88.7 †††††††† 82.7 †††††††† 86.5 †††††††† 90.1 †††††††† 90.0 †††††††† 84.0 †††††††† 90.0 †††††††† 91.8 †††††††† 87.9 †††††††† 81.6 †††††††† 87.7 †††††††† 89.9
Unemployment rate
Both Sexes †††††††††† 1.0 †††††††††† 3.9 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.7 †††††††††† 1.9 †††††††††† 2.5 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.8 †††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.8 †††††††††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 ††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 ††††††††††††††† - †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 2.4 †††††††††† 3.7 †††††††††† 2.8 †††††††††† 1.9 †††††††††† 1.0 †††††††††† 1.2 †††††††††† 1.2 †††††††††† 0.9
Women †††††††††† 1.1 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.8 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 3.0 †††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.7 †††††††††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.8 †††††††††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††† - †††††††††† 0.8 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.4 ††††††††††††† 0.1 0.0 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 3.7 †††††††††† 6.3 †††††††††† 4.2 †††††††††† 2.8 †††††††††† 1.2 †††††††††† 1.2 †††††††††† 1.3 †††††††††† 1.1
Men †††††††††† 1.0 †††††††††† 2.9 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.7 †††††††††† 2.1 †††††††††† 2.0 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 1.0 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††††††††† 0.7 †††††††††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.7 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0 †††††††††† 0.5 - †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 1.1 †††††††††† 1.2 †††††††††† 1.3 †††††††††† 1.0 †††††††††† 0.9 †††††††††† 1.2 †††††††††† 1.1 †††††††††† 0.8
2. Labour force participation rate (15-64 years) by age group and sex
Percent.
Age group 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes
Total (15-64) 77.5 87.4 82.2 78.3 89.6 83.7 75.6 88.8 81.8 80.4 88.8 84.4 84.2 90.0 87.0 84.8 90.4 87.5 79.7 89.1 84.2 77.8 88.7 83.0 77.5 87.9 82.6 77.2 88.5 82.7 68.6 85.9 75.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 84.1 91.0 87.4 78.9 88.7 83.7
15-19†† 71.9 71.7 71.8 70.4 71.2 70.8 67.5 67.7 67.6 69.8 70.4 70.1 73.2 74.2 73.7 75.1 73.2 74.1 66.3 63.7 65.0 57.3 62.4 59.8 60.1 60.5 60.3 59.0 57.4 58.2 57.4 62.1 59.8 10.4 11.4 10.9 56.0 61.0 58.5 50.9 57.0 54.0
20-24†† 79.5 86.4 82.8 80.1 88.8 84.4 74.2 89.0 81.3 79.4 86.6 82.9 83.3 86.4 84.9 82.2 85.9 84.0 79.3 86.0 82.5 79.4 86.9 83.2 78.1 87.1 82.8 78.6 89.8 84.2 80.0 89.2 84.7 16.2 17.7 17.0 87.5 90.2 88.8 82.2 87.1 84.6
25-34†† 80.8 95.0 87.7 81.4 96.5 88.9 78.7 96.6 87.6 84.3 96.4 90.1 87.4 97.1 92.2 90.0 98.5 94.2 86.1 98.4 92.2 85.1 97.4 91.1 85.1 97.0 90.9 85.4 98.8 91.0 87.3 98.6 92.9 29.3 29.7 29.5 92.1 98.0 95.0 86.1 96.9 91.4
35-44†† 82.5 96.0 88.7 84.5 97.1 90.5 83.4 96.7 89.5 87.1 97.7 92.1 91.2 98.2 94.5 91.4 98.3 94.6 89.8 98.6 94.1 87.7 99.0 93.0 84.6 97.9 91.0 87.6 98.5 92.8 98.5 88.5 93.3 18.2 18.1 18.1 92.4 98.8 95.5 89.9 98.0 93.9
45-54†† 79.5 93.5 85.3 80.9 96.3 87.5 79.2 97.1 87.1 85.1 95.9 89.9 88.7 96.7 92.2 86.7 95.2 90.6 82.3 95.9 88.4 80.8 95.3 87.5 81.4 95.9 88.1 77.7 92.2 86.3 82.0 96.5 88.7 16.3 15.6 15.9 88.1 97.5 92.6 83.7 96.7 89.9
55-64†† 63.4 83.2 71.7 68.1 88.1 76.6 65.3 85.4 73.8 71.3 86.1 77.6 77.2 87.4 81.4 78.0 89.9 83.0 65.3 89.1 75.0 67.7 87.0 75.3 66.8 86.1 74.7 64.0 89.6 74.3 78.9 89.4 62.5 9.6 7.6 8.6 74.9 90.9 82.0 67.6 86.4 76.0
Of which 15-24†† †††††††† 75.5 †††††††† 78.4 †††††††† 76.9 †††††††† 74.8 †††††††† 79.3 †††††††† 77.0 †††††††† 70.6 †††††††† 77.2 †††††††† 73.8 †††††††† 74.4 †††††††† 77.7 †††††††††††††† 76.1 †††††††††††††† 77.8 †††††††††††††† 79.5 †††††††††††††† 78.7 †††††††††††††† 78.4 †††††††††††††† 78.8 †††††††††††††† 78.6 †††††††††††††† 72.6 †††††††††††††† 74.0 †††††††††††† 73.3 †††††††† 68.6 †††††††† 75.0 †††††††† 71.8 †††††††† 69.1 †††††††† 73.8 †††††††† 71.6 †††††††† 69.0 †††††††† 73.8 †††††††† 71.5 †††††††† 27.0 †††††††† 29.4 †††††††† 49.4 †††††††† 26.7 †††††††† 29.1 ††††††††††† 27.9 71.4 75.0 73.2 65.4 70.5 67.9
3. Labour force participation rate (15-64 years) by age group and geographical domain
Percent.
Age group 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Total (15-64) 82.2 68.6 78.5 84.7 83.7 68.9 78.3 86.6 81.8 69.2 73.8 84.8 84.4 68.7 77.2 87.7 87.0 70.7 82.0 90.0 87.5 69.7 83.4 90.9 84.2 76.7 80.1 86.1 83.0 74.0 77.0 85.5 82.6 77.9 78.8 84.1 82.7 78.2 78.1 84.3 84.0 78.9 80.7 85.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 87.4 80.5 87.5 89.4 83.7 73.6 83.5 86.7
15-19†† 71.8 38.1 58.4 78.4 70.8 31.3 54.0 77.9 67.6 32.2 51.2 74.4 70.1 34.3 53.3 76.4 73.7 33.8 58.1 80.0 74.1 33.1 56.5 81.9 65.0 39.5 54.1 70.0 59.8 25.3 41.4 67.1 60.3 34.6 45.6 61.8 58.2 44.7 44.7 62.1 59.8 35.7 56.3 63.4 10.9 4.4 9.4 12.2 58.5 29.6 56.2 65.3 54.0 28.4 53.1 60.4
20-24†† 82.8 69.4 81.4 85.5 84.4 67.1 77.2 88.1 81.3 67.3 71.4 85.1 82.9 63.5 73.4 87.3 84.9 64.9 77.6 89.2 84.0 65.3 79.5 87.8 82.5 72.7 75.6 85.3 83.2 73.3 75.2 86.0 82.8 76.5 75.6 85.1 84.3 81.6 76.5 86.0 84.7 79.9 79.6 86.4 17.0 16.3 15.9 17.2 88.8 78.6 89.9 91.4 84.6 73.9 86.5 87.4
25-34 87.7 83.3 85.1 88.7 88.9 79.9 86.7 90.4 87.6 83.3 83.1 88.8 90.1 81.0 85.3 92.2 92.2 84.0 90.0 93.9 94.2 87.4 93.1 95.6 92.2 91.4 91.0 92.6 91.1 89.5 85.9 92.2 90.9 91.6 87.3 91.6 91.0 90.1 90.0 91.4 92.9 93.4 92.2 92.9 29.5 36.1 31.1 28.2 95.0 93.5 95.3 95.4 91.4 86.0 92.7 92.6
35-44 88.7 83.6 90.8 89.0 90.5 82.6 91.8 91.4 89.5 85.1 82.2 91.1 92.1 83.8 89.5 93.7 94.5 86.1 92.8 95.8 94.6 85.6 93.3 96.3 94.1 90.4 90.7 95.4 93.0 88.6 90.7 94.1 91.0 86.8 90.9 91.8 92.8 90.0 88.5 94.0 93.3 91.0 90.1 94.3 18.1 21.1 17.8 17.7 95.5 92.1 96.1 96.3 93.9 89.2 94.6 94.9
45-54†† 85.3 79.1 84.4 86.6 87.5 81.2 89.4 88.4 87.1 77.8 88.9 88.4 89.9 77.7 88.1 91.9 92.2 79.2 92.8 93.7 90.6 72.4 92.1 93.1 88.4 77.8 87.4 90.4 87.5 79.5 86.4 89.2 88.1 78.9 83.4 90.2 86.3 76.9 84.8 88.3 88.7 79.6 84.6 91.0 15.9 15.3 15.9 16.1 92.6 86.3 90.9 94.6 89.9 78.6 88.5 93.0
55-64†† 71.7 49.0 73.2 75.0 76.6 64.2 68.7 79.7 73.8 53.0 64.7 77.8 77.6 58.5 70.3 81.8 81.4 59.1 77.6 85.0 83.0 50.8 78.5 88.1 75.0 61.1 72.5 77.4 75.3 63.3 72.6 77.9 74.7 61.3 70.7 77.4 74.3 59.6 71.3 77.9 75.6 57.8 69.8 80.1 8.6 6.8 10.0 8.6 82.0 61.4 81.2 86.4 76.0 48.1 72.0 83.5
Of which 15-24 †††††††† 76.9 †††††††† 55.0 †††††††† 68.4 †††††††† 81.6 †††††††† 77.0 †††††††† 50.6 †††††††† 63.2 †††††††† 82.6 †††††††† 73.8 †††††††† 49.9 †††††††† 60.2 †††††††††††††† 79.2 †††††††††††††† 76.1 †††††††††††††† 50.0 †††††††††††††† 62.6 †††††††††††††† 81.4 †††††††††††††† 78.7 †††††††††††††† 50.7 †††††††††††††† 66.8 †††††††††††††† 84.0 †††††††††††† 78.6 †††††††† 49.4 †††††††† 67.0 †††††††† 84.5 †††††††† 73.3 †††††††† 57.0 †††††††† 64.3 †††††††† 77.1 †††††††† 71.8 †††††††† 51.7 †††††††† 59.4 †††††††† 76.6 †††††††† 71.5 †††††††† 60.1 †††††††† 62.8 ††††††††††† 74.4 †††††††† 71.5 †††††††† 65.8 †††††††† 61.4 †††††††† 74.0 †††††††† 28.3 †††††††† 20.3 †††††††† 28.3 †††††††† 29.6 ††††††††††† 27.9 †††††††† 20.7 †††††††† 25.2 †††††††† 29.5 73.2 56.9 73.3 77.3 67.9 52.5 69.0 71.8
4. Labour force participation rate (15-64 years) by age group, geographical domain and sex,
Percent.
Age group 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men
Total (15-64) 77.5 87.4 63.0 75.1 75.3 82.1 80.0 90.1 78.3 89.6 61.8 77.1 72.6 83.7 81.5 92.2 75.6 88.8 61.5 78.1 65.3 83.3 79.1 91.1 80.4 88.8 61.5 77.2 72.7 82.1 84.3 91.3 84.2 90.0 64.8 76.9 79.3 85.3 87.6 92.5 84.8 90.4 62.5 77.4 79.9 87.2 89.0 92.9 79.7 89.1 71.7 82.3 75.2 85.2 81.7 90.8 77.8 88.7 67.0 81.7 73.0 81.1 80.4 91.1 77.5 87.9 72.2 84.1 71.1 87.3 79.6 88.7 77.2 88.5 71.1 86.0 72.4 84.2 79.2 89.7 79.0 89.4 73.7 84.6 73.3 88.5 80.9 90.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 84.1 91.0 76.3 85.0 84.1 91.2 86.3 92.7 78.9 88.7 65.2 82.6 78.5 88.6 83.1 90.6
15-19†† 71.9 71.7 41.5 34.1 62.5 54.6 77.8 78.9 70.4 71.2 36.1 25.9 53.4 54.6 76.8 79.1 67.5 67.7 36.5 26.3 50.4 52.1 74.6 74.3 69.8 70.4 40.6 27.2 57.1 49.8 75.3 77.4 73.2 74.2 42.5 25.4 62.5 52.8 78.2 81.6 75.1 73.2 37.0 29.6 57.8 54.9 82.5 81.2 66.3 63.7 43.0 36.5 56.9 51.6 70.5 69.4 57.3 62.4 26.4 24.2 48.1 35.4 62.9 71.3 60.1 60.5 40.4 29.0 43.3 48.0 64.3 65.2 89.0 57.4 45.3 44.2 43.4 46.2 63.4 60.8 80.0 62.1 41.8 29.8 49.2 63.6 60.7 66.0 10.4 11.4 4.7 4.2 8.5 10.2 11.7 12.8 56.0 61.0 35.0 23.6 54.7 57.6 61.1 69.5 50.9 57.0 22.8 34.3 51.6 54.6 57.6 63.0
20-24†† 79.5 86.4 73.1 65.3 81.5 81.3 80.4 90.8 80.1 88.8 68.1 65.9 71.1 81.9 83.2 93.2 74.2 89.0 69.1 65.0 62.3 83.4 77.0 93.3 79.4 86.6 64.1 62.8 70.4 76.9 83.5 91.1 83.3 86.4 68.7 60.7 76.4 79.0 87.0 91.4 82.2 85.9 68.5 61.9 77.4 81.4 85.2 90.5 79.3 86.0 75.3 69.3 76.0 75.2 80.5 90.3 79.4 86.9 74.9 71.4 77.9 72.7 80.4 91.3 78.1 87.1 76.4 76.6 69.0 83.5 80.3 89.3 78.6 89.8 77.8 85.3 75.3 77.5 79.2 92.7 87.3 89.2 76.4 84.0 74.3 84.3 81.6 90.8 16.2 17.7 17.9 14.8 15.0 16.7 16.1 18.3 87.5 90.2 80.7 76.3 89.3 90.5 88.8 94.0 82.2 87.1 71.9 76.1 85.8 87.4 84.0 90.8
25-34 80.8 95.0 75.3 91.9 78.2 92.5 82.0 95.8 81.4 96.5 68.7 92.1 80.0 93.0 83.4 97.5 78.7 96.6 73.2 94.0 70.2 96.8 80.7 97.0 84.3 96.4 71.0 93.1 79.3 92.2 87.3 97.4 87.4 97.1 75.7 92.5 83.6 97.2 90.1 97.9 90.0 98.5 79.8 95.8 87.8 98.9 92.2 98.9 86.1 98.4 85.5 98.1 82.7 99.7 86.7 98.2 85.1 97.4 83.5 95.9 76.4 95.3 86.7 98.0 85.1 97.0 87.2 96.5 79.2 96.2 85.9 97.2 85.4 96.8 85.1 96.0 83.7 96.7 85.8 97.0 88.5 98.6 89.6 97.7 86.2 98.7 87.0 98.8 29.3 29.7 38.7 33.8 31.4 30.8 27.5 28.9 92.1 98.0 89.8 97.5 92.3 98.4 93.0 97.9 86.1 96.9 78.7 93.8 88.6 96.8 87.6 98.0
35-44†† 82.5 96.0 72.4 96.7 85.0 96.9 83.4 95.8 84.5 97.1 69.0 98.7 85.3 99.2 86.7 96.6 83.4 96.7 72.4 98.1 72.5 94.0 86.4 96.8 87.1 97.7 71.6 97.3 80.9 98.3 90.0 97.7 91.2 98.2 72.8 98.5 87.3 99.0 94.0 98.0 91.4 98.3 72.7 97.5 89.3 97.9 94.4 98.5 89.8 98.6 82.3 98.9 81.9 99.6 92.5 98.4 87.7 99.0 78.6 98.4 83.5 99.1 89.7 99.1 84.6 97.9 75.8 98.5 82.6 98.8 86.5 97.6 87.6 98.5 82.1 98.8 79.7 97.6 89.9 98.5 82.0 98.5 83.6 98.8 82.7 98.3 90.5 98.4 18.2 18.1 18.9 23.0 18.5 17.2 18.0 17.4 92.4 98.8 85.3 98.9 93.1 99.1 94.2 98.6 89.9 98.0 80.3 98.2 91.0 97.9 92.1 97.9
45-54 79.5 93.5 65.9 95.1 77.0 94.9 82.1 93.0 80.9 96.3 68.1 95.8 77.8 99.5 83.3 95.8 79.2 97.1 63.6 94.3 80.8 97.4 81.3 97.5 85.1 95.9 63.0 96.0 80.6 96.6 88.8 95.8 88.7 96.7 63.8 97.2 89.5 96.5 91.3 96.7 86.7 95.2 53.1 95.4 88.2 96.7 91.6 94.9 82.3 95.9 62.5 95.8 81.2 95.4 85.7 96.0 80.8 95.3 64.2 95.5 78.2 95.4 84.1 95.2 81.4 95.9 62.2 96.0 71.0 96.6 85.5 95.7 77.7 96.2 58.6 96.4 77.4 93.5 81.1 96.6 68.6 96.5 64.4 95.3 73.4 97.8 86.2 96.5 16.3 15.6 13.2 17.1 15.6 16.2 16.9 15.2 88.1 97.5 74.6 98.1 85.2 96.9 92.0 97.6 83.7 96.7 60.4 96.8 80.3 97.0 90.0 96.5
55-64†† 63.4 83.2 35.2 67.1 63.3 86.0 67.7 85.3 68.1 88.1 52.6 78.4 62.9 76.9 71.2 91.3 65.3 85.4 39.8 69.0 52.3 79.0 70.0 88.6 71.3 86.1 44.7 75.4 61.6 82.1 76.8 88.5 77.2 87.4 47.5 77.3 75.0 81.7 81.8 89.5 78.0 89.9 32.6 72.7 71.5 90.7 84.9 92.5 65.3 89.1 51.7 74.4 60.0 86.6 68.0 91.8 67.7 87.0 46.1 87.3 66.2 82.6 71.6 87.6 66.8 86.1 48.2 77.6 64.1 80.2 70.0 88.6 64.0 89.6 46.5 76.8 63.3 82.8 67.6 93.7 78.9 85.9 47.0 72.3 61.1 81.6 73.9 89.6 9.6 7.6 6.5 7.1 11.0 9.0 9.8 7.4 74.9 90.9 53.0 71.6 72.3 92.1 80.2 94.4 67.6 86.4 37.0 61.3 59.2 86.9 77.1 91.7
Of which 15-24 †††††††† 75.5 †††††††† 78.4 †††††††† 58.2 †††††††† 51.4 †††††††† 71.4 †††††††† 65.3 †††††††† 79.0 †††††††† 84.2 †††††††† 74.8 †††††††† 79.3 †††††††† 53.6 †††††††††††††† 47.2 †††††††††††††† 60.1 †††††††††††††† 65.8 †††††††††††††† 79.7 †††††††††††††† 85.6 †††††††††††††† 70.6 †††††††††††††† 77.2 †††††††††††††† 52.6 †††††††††††††† 46.5 †††††††††††† 56.0 †††††††† 65.1 †††††††† 75.7 †††††††† 82.6 †††††††† 74.4 †††††††† 77.7 †††††††† 53.5 †††††††† 45.8 †††††††† 63.6 †††††††† 61.6 †††††††† 79.1 †††††††† 83.5 †††††††† 77.8 †††††††† 79.5 †††††††† 57.1 ††††††††††† 44.0 †††††††† 68.6 †††††††† 64.8 †††††††† 82.0 †††††††† 85.7 †††††††† 78.4 †††††††† 78.8 †††††††† 53.7 †††††††† 45.2 ††††††††††† 66.3 †††††††† 67.8 †††††††† 83.7 †††††††† 85.3 †††††††† 72.6 †††††††† 74.0 †††††††† 61.6 †††††††† 52.3 †††††††† 66.1 †††††††† 62.6 †††††††† 75.2 †††††††† 79.0 †††††††† 68.6 †††††††† 75.0 †††††††† 53.6 †††††††† 49.5 †††††††† 64.1 †††††††† 55.0 †††††††† 71.6 †††††††† 81.5 †††††††† 69.1 †††††††† 73.8 †††††††† 63.1 †††††††† 56.9 †††††††† 71.1 †††††††† 67.8 †††††††† 71.7 †††††††† 76.9 †††††††† 74.8 †††††††† 84.0 †††††††† 68.4 †††††††† 81.0 †††††††† 68.5 †††††††† 79.2 †††††††† 77.0 †††††††† 85.3 †††††††† 27.0 †††††††† 29.4 †††††††† 21.9 †††††††† 18.7 †††††††† 26.4 †††††††† 29.9 †††††††† 28.0 †††††††† 31.1 26.7 29.1 22.6 19.0 23.5 1,026.9 27.8 31.1 71.4 91.0 60.5 53.0 72.6 73.9 73.9 80.7 65.4 70.5 49.1 56.2 67.8 70.2 69.1 74.4
5. Labour force participation rate(15-64 years) by age group and level of education
Percent.
Age group 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Donít know Total None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed Upper secondary completed Post secondary education Total  
Labour force (thousand) †††††† 1,478 †††††† 2,330 †††††† 1,447 ††††††††† 579 ††††††††† 271 ††††††††††† 91 ††††††††††† 40 †††††† 6,235 †††††† 1,266 †††††† 2,644 †††††† 1,722 ††††††††††††††† 771 ††††††††††††††† 319 ††††††††††††††† 143 ††††††††††††††††† 24 †††††††††††† 6,888 †††††††††††† 1,196 †††††††††††† 2,569 †††††††††††† 1,846 ††††††††††††††† 760 ††††††††††††† 307 ††††††††† 166 †††††††††††††† 9 †††††† 6,854 †††††† 1,513 †††††† 2,622 †††††† 1,951 ††††††††† 890 ††††††††† 343 ††††††††† 154 †††††††††††††† 8 †††††† 7,480 †††††† 1,363 †††††† 2,712 †††††† 2,040 ††††††††† 1,022 ††††††††† 402 ††††††††† 161 †††††††††††††† 2 †††††† 7,702 †††††† 1,183 †††††† 2,721 †††††† 2,162 †††††† 1,194 †††††††††††† 448 ††††††††† 196 †††††††††††††† 3 †††††† 7,907 †††††† 1,080 †††††† 2,674 †††††† 2,160 †††††† 1,107 ††††††††† 478 ††††††††† 217 †††††††††††††† 0 †††††† 7,718 †††††† 1,048 †††††† 2,821 †††††† 2,169 †††††† 1,102 ††††††††† 543 ††††††††† 291 †††††††††††††† 1 †††††† 7,974 †††††† 1,311 †††††† 2,539 †††††† 2,218 †††††† 1,153 ††††††††† 577 ††††††††† 458 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 8,257 †††††† 1,132 †††††† 2,713 †††††† 2,320 †††††† 1,173 ††††††††† 567 ††††††††† 452 †††††† 8,359 ††††††††† 836 †††††† 2,783 †††††† 2,494 †††††† 1,303 ††††††††† 630 ††††††††† 577 - †††††† 8,624 †††††† 1,050 †††††† 2,779 †††††† 2,281 †††††† 1,361 ††††††††† 722 ††††††††† 575 - †††††† 8,766 ††††††††† 115 †††††† 2,865 †††††† 2,384 †††††† 1,340 ††††††††† 653 ††††††††† 663 - †††††† 9,020 - †††††† 3,012 †††††† 2,621 †††††† 1,241 ††††††††† 691 ††††††††† 618 †††††† 8,194
Total 15 -64 23.7 37.4 23.2 9.3 4.4 1.5 0.6 ††††††††† 100 18.4 38.4 25.0 11.2 4.6 2.1 0.3 ††††††††††††††† 100 17.4 37.5 26.9 11.1 4.5 2.4 0.1 ††††††††† 100 20.2 35.1 26.1 11.9 4.6 2.1 0.1 ††††††††† 100 17.7 35.2 26.5 13.3 5.2 2.1 0.0 ††††††††† 100 15.0 34.4 27.3 15.1 5.7 2.5 0.0 ††††††††† 100 14.0 34.6 28.0 14.3 6.2 2.8 - ††††††††† 100 13.1 35.4 27.2 13.8 6.8 3.6 0.0 ††††††††† 100 †††††††† 15.9 †††††††† 30.8 †††††††† 26.9 †††††††† 14.0 †††††††††† 7.0 †††††††††† 5.5 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 13.5 †††††††† 32.5 †††††††† 27.8 †††††††† 14.0 †††††††††† 6.8 †††††††††† 5.4 †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 9.7 †††††††† 32.3 †††††††† 28.9 †††††††† 15.1 †††††††††† 7.3 †††††††††† 6.7 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 12.0 †††††††† 31.7 †††††††† 26.0 †††††††† 15.5 †††††††††† 8.2 †††††††† 60.3 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 12.4 †††††††† 31.8 †††††††† 26.4 †††††††† 14.9 †††††††††† 7.2 †††††††††† 7.4 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 36.8 32.0 15.1 8.4 7.5 †††††† 100.0
15-19 14.0 41.6 33.6 9.4 1.3 0.1 0.1 ††††††††† 100 5.4 37.7 41.9 13.7 1.1 0.1 0.2 ††††††††††††††† 100 6.3 30.9 45.5 15.7 1.1 0.5 - ††††††††† 100 9.4 31.2 40.9 17.0 1.2 0.3 - ††††††††† 100 8.0 27.9 41.1 21.1 1.9 0.0 - ††††††††† 100 4.9 27.1 41.6 24.8 1.6 - 0.1 ††††††††† 100 5.2 25.1 42.9 23.1 3.7 0.1 - ††††††††† 100 5.4 30.6 42.7 18.4 2.8 0.2 - ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 8.3 †††††††† 24.7 †††††††† 40.7 †††††††† 21.4 †††††††††† 3.2 †††††††††† 1.7 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††† 25.2 †††††††† 46.6 †††††††† 19.6 †††††††††† 2.7 †††††††††† 1.0 †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 3.3 †††††††† 23.1 †††††††† 49.8 †††††††† 19.9 †††††††††† 3.5 †††††††††† 0.4 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 3.0 †††††††† 25.3 †††††††† 40.9 †††††††† 24.6 †††††††††† 5.6 †††††††††† 0.7 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 3.5 †††††††† 24.3 †††††††† 40.9 †††††††† 26.1 †††††††††† 4.2 †††††††††† 1.1 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 20.8 47.1 †††††††† 26.0 4.9 1.0 †††††† 100.0
20-24 18.4 35.1 24.6 12.0 7.1 2.5 0.3 ††††††††† 100 12.9 32.4 29.3 15.0 6.3 3.9 0.2 ††††††††††††††† 100 10.9 31.5 31.3 15.7 6.6 4.0 0.0 ††††††††† 100 12.7 29.6 31.0 16.4 7.3 2.9 0.1 ††††††††† 100 10.7 25.9 33.0 18.4 9.6 2.4 - ††††††††† 100 7.9 22.9 33.8 21.6 11.0 2.9 - ††††††††† 100 7.4 25.6 35.0 18.6 11.5 1.8 - ††††††††† 100 5.9 25.2 32.6 19.6 12.5 4.1 0.0 ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 7.4 †††††††† 23.0 †††††††† 31.9 †††††††† 19.3 †††††††† 10.6 †††††††††† 7.9 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 6.0 †††††††† 23.9 †††††††† 31.5 †††††††† 17.6 †††††††† 12.6 †††††††††† 8.4 †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 3.1 †††††††† 20.8 †††††††† 35.5 †††††††† 19.7 †††††††† 12.2 †††††††††† 8.8 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 4.7 †††††††† 21.5 †††††††† 28.9 †††††††† 20.8 †††††††† 14.7 †††††††† 14.7 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††† 21.1 †††††††† 32.5 †††††††† 18.5 †††††††† 12.9 †††††††† 10.1 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 19.6 34.2 †††††††† 20.3 14.6 11.4 †††††† 100.0
25-34 22.3 34.9 24.5 9.1 6.7 2.2 0.4 ††††††††† 100 19.2 36.9 22.8 10.9 6.5 3.0 0.5 ††††††††††††††† 100 15.1 37.6 25.6 10.7 6.9 4.0 0.1 ††††††††† 100 19.1 34.0 25.3 11.5 6.5 3.5 0.0 ††††††††† 100 15.6 33.9 26.2 13.2 7.0 4.2 0.0 ††††††††† 100 11.8 35.1 26.8 14.4 7.0 4.9 - ††††††††† 100 12.5 31.9 27.9 14.5 7.4 5.8 - ††††††††† 100 11.4 32.2 25.9 15.4 8.4 6.7 - ††††††††† 100 †††††††† 12.4 †††††††† 29.1 †††††††† 25.6 †††††††† 14.1 †††††††††† 8.9 †††††††††† 9.8 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 10.1 †††††††† 29.1 †††††††† 26.4 †††††††† 16.6 †††††††††† 8.9 †††††††††† 8.9 †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 6.4 †††††††† 27.3 †††††††† 28.1 †††††††† 17.1 †††††††††† 9.1 †††††††† 12.0 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 9.4 †††††††† 26.9 †††††††† 26.5 †††††††† 15.8 †††††††††† 9.8 †††††††† 31.3 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 7.3 †††††††† 25.2 †††††††† 28.9 †††††††† 16.1 †††††††††† 9.8 †††††††† 12.8 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 27.0 33.1 †††††††† 16.6 10.7 12.5 †††††† 100.0
35-44 28.7 39.6 18.9 7.3 3.4 1.4 0.7 ††††††††† 100 21.7 39.8 20.2 10.0 6.0 1.9 0.4 ††††††††††††††† 100 20.7 39.0 23.4 10.1 4.4 2.3 0.1 ††††††††† 100 23.1 36.2 23.0 10.1 5.2 2.2 0.1 ††††††††† 100 21.1 35.9 22.0 11.8 6.6 2.5 0.1 ††††††††† 100 20.1 34.4 25.3 11.1 6.8 2.5 - ††††††††† 100 16.1 37.2 25.5 11.8 6.9 2.5 - ††††††††† 100 15.0 37.4 25.7 12.4 6.4 3.2 0.0 ††††††††† 100 †††††††† 19.6 †††††††† 33.0 †††††††† 25.5 †††††††† 11.1 †††††††††† 6.9 †††††††††† 4.0 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 17.4 †††††††† 35.2 †††††††† 26.6 †††††††† 11.6 †††††††††† 5.3 †††††††††† 3.9 †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 11.8 †††††††† 39.1 †††††††† 24.9 †††††††† 11.7 †††††††††† 6.6 †††††††††† 5.9 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 16.5 †††††††† 35.7 †††††††† 23.9 †††††††† 12.1 †††††††††† 6.6 †††††††††† 8.6 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 15.4 †††††††† 36.0 †††††††† 23.4 †††††††† 12.4 †††††††††† 5.9 †††††††††† 6.9 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 43.2 31.4 †††††††† 11.5 7.3 6.4 †††††† 100.0
45-54 30.1 38.9 15.8 9.5 3.2 1.2 1.4 ††††††††† 100 26.9 44.0 16.6 8.1 2.4 1.5 0.5 ††††††††††††††† 100 26.3 45.4 16.1 7.2 3.4 1.4 0.2 ††††††††† 100 31.1 43.7 14.9 7.0 2.1 1.0 0.2 ††††††††† 100 27.7 47.2 17.0 5.4 1.8 0.9 - ††††††††† 100 23.3 46.6 16.3 9.6 2.7 1.3 0.1 ††††††††† 100 22.7 47.2 16.8 9.3 2.2 1.7 - ††††††††† 100 22.1 44.9 20.4 7.1 3.9 1.7 - ††††††††† 100 †††††††† 27.5 †††††††† 38.9 †††††††† 19.2 †††††††††† 8.0 †††††††††† 4.5 †††††††††† 1.9 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 23.0 †††††††† 41.4 †††††††† 21.1 †††††††††† 8.0 †††††††††† 3.7 †††††††††† 2.7 †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 18.4 †††††††† 42.3 †††††††† 20.2 †††††††† 11.1 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††††† 3.1 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 19.9 †††††††† 41.8 †††††††† 19.8 †††††††† 10.9 †††††††††† 5.1 †††††††††† 3.5 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 17.8 †††††††† 41.3 †††††††† 21.8 †††††††† 10.7 †††††††††† 5.1 †††††††††† 3.4 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 52.4 26.9 †††††††† 10.6 6.0 4.0 †††††† 100.0
55-64 38.6 30.7 16.9 8.3 3.0 0.4 2.1 ††††††††† 100 30.2 42.9 15.2 7.3 3.2 1.0 0.2 ††††††††††††††† 100 32.1 41.6 17.5 5.3 2.2 0.9 0.4 ††††††††† 100 31.9 37.5 18.7 8.0 2.8 1.0 0.2 ††††††††† 100 29.5 46.6 14.9 6.8 1.7 0.4 0.1 ††††††††† 100 30.0 44.1 15.8 7.0 2.2 0.7 0.2 ††††††††† 100 25.3 48.3 16.9 6.6 1.7 1.1 0.2 ††††††††† 100 24.3 52.0 14.6 5.8 1.7 1.6 - ††††††††† 100 †††††††† 28.3 †††††††† 41.9 †††††††† 17.5 †††††††††† 8.4 †††††††††† 2.8 †††††††††† 1.1 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 26.7 †††††††† 48.8 †††††††† 14.1 †††††††††† 6.7 †††††††††† 2.1 †††††††††† 1.5 †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 22.6 †††††††† 51.9 †††††††† 15.1 †††††††††† 7.3 †††††††††† 2.3 †††††††††† 0.8 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 22.2 †††††††† 49.1 †††††††† 16.0 †††††††††† 8.4 †††††††††† 2.6 †††††††††† 1.3 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††† 28.9 †††††††† 46.6 †††††††† 12.8 †††††††††† 8.5 †††††††††† 1.9 †††††††††† 1.3 - †††††† 100.0 - †††††††† 70.8 17.2 †††††††††† 7.5 2.8 1.4 †††††† 100.0
of which 15-24 †††††††† 16.2 †††††††† 38.3 †††††††† 29.1 †††††††† 10.7 †††††††††† 4.2 †††††††††† 1.3 †††††††††† 0.2 ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 9.2 †††††††† 35.0 †††††††† 35.6 †††††††††††††† 14.4 †††††††††††††††† 3.7 †††††††††††††††† 2.0 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 ††††††††††††††† 100 †††††††††††††††† 8.6 †††††††††††††† 31.2 †††††††††††††† 38.5 †††††††††††††† 15.7 †††††††††††††† 3.8 †††††††††† 2.2 †††††††††† 0.0 ††††††††† 100 †††††††† 11.1 †††††††† 30.4 †††††††† 35.9 †††††††† 16.7 †††††††††† 4.3 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 0.0 ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 9.3 †††††††† 27.0 †††††††† 37.2 ††††††††††† 19.8 †††††††††† 5.5 †††††††††† 1.2 - ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 6.3 †††††††† 25.0 †††††††† 37.8 †††††††† 23.2 †††††††††††††† 6.2 †††††††††† 1.4 †††††††††† 0.0 ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 6.4 †††††††† 25.3 †††††††† 38.7 †††††††† 20.7 †††††††††† 7.8 †††††††††† 1.0 - ††††††††† 100 †††††††††† 5.7 †††††††† 27.4 †††††††† 36.7 †††††††† 19.1 †††††††††† 8.6 †††††††††† 2.5 †††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 7.8 †††††††† 23.7 †††††††† 35.6 †††††††† 20.2 †††††††††† 7.5 †††††††††† 5.2 ††††††††††††††† - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 5.6 †††††††† 24.4 †††††††† 37.5 †††††††† 18.4 †††††††††† 8.7 †††††††††† 5.5   †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 6.4 †††††††† 43.9 †††††††† 85.3 †††††††† 39.6 †††††††† 15.7 †††††††††† 9.2 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 4.0 †††††††† 23.0 †††††††† 33.6 †††††††† 22.3 †††††††† 11.1 †††††††† 15.4 - †††††† 100.0 †††††††††† 4.3 †††††††† 22.4 †††††††† 26.4 †††††††† 21.6 †††††††††† 9.3 †††††††††† 6.4 - †††††† 100.0 - 20.1 39.8 22.8 10.4 6.8 †††††† 100.0  
6. Labour force participation rate(15-64 years) by age group, level of education and sex
Percent.
Age group 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know None or only some education Primary school not completed Primary school completed Lower secondary completed†† Upper secondary completed Post secondaryeducation Other / Donít know
Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men
Total (15-64)†† 30.9 16.5 39.5 35.2 18.6 27.8 6.9 11.7 2.7 6.0 0.8 2.1 0.6 0.7 25.2 11.8 40.7 36.1 21.4 28.5 8.4 13.9 2.7 6.5 1.3 2.8 0.2 0.5 23.1 12.0 40.1 35.0 24.0 29.7 8.6 13.5 2.5 6.4 1.6 3.2 0.1 0.2 26.1 14.4 37.6 32.5 22.9 29.2 9.1 14.7 2.9 6.2 1.3 2.9 0.1 0.1 23.3 12.0 38.0 32.4 24.1 28.9 10.1 16.5 3.4 7.1 1.2 3.0 0.0 0.0 20.4 9.5 36.9 31.9 25.2 29.5 12.1 18.1 3.9 7.5 1.5 3.4 0.0 0.1 17.8 10.3 38.4 31.1 26.0 29.9 11.5 17.1 4.6 7.7 1.8 3.8 0.0 - 17.4 9.1 38.5 32.4 25.9 28.4 10.7 16.8 4.9 8.6 2.5 4.8 - -
15-19†† 16.0 12.0 42.3 40.8 31.5 35.6 8.8 9.9 1.2 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 6.1 4.6 39.8 35.4 40.7 43.1 12.0 15.5 1.0 1.2 0.2 - 0.1 0.2 5.2 7.4 33.6 28.2 45.1 46.0 14.1 17.3 1.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 - - 9.7 9.1 30.2 32.2 41.7 40.2 16.7 17.3 1.3 1.1 0.4 0.2 - 0.0 6.2 9.8 27.0 28.8 45.0 37.4 19.5 22.5 2.3 1.5 - 0.1 - - 4.3 5.5 24.4 29.7 42.9 40.3 25.5 24.1 2.8 0.4 - - 0.2 - 5.0 5.3 24.7 25.4 43.9 41.8 23.3 22.9 3.0 4.3 - 0.2 - - 7.0 3.9 27.1 33.7 46.4 39.3 16.9 19.7 2.4 3.2 0.2 0.2 - -
20-24 21.8 15.1 37.7 32.6 23.3 25.8 9.2 14.7 5.8 8.4 2.0 3.0 0.2 0.4 17.9 8.3 34.5 30.5 26.2 32.1 12.8 17.0 5.0 7.4 3.4 4.3 - 0.3 12.6 9.4 33.5 29.6 31.9 30.8 13.2 17.9 4.7 8.2 4.0 4.0 - 0.1 13.7 11.8 32.8 26.7 32.0 30.2 12.5 20.0 5.9 8.7 3.1 2.7 0.1 0.0 13.8 7.9 28.0 23.8 31.5 34.5 16.4 20.3 8.0 11.0 2.4 2.5 - - 9.5 6.3 24.7 21.0 34.3 33.4 18.7 24.5 9.5 12.5 3.4 2.3 - - 7.6 7.3 27.1 24.1 36.5 33.6 14.5 22.6 12.3 10.7 2.0 1.7 - - 6.3 5.7 25.6 24.8 33.7 31.6 18.5 20.6 11.9 12.9 3.8 4.4 - -
25-34 27.7 17.4 40.4 29.9 20.0 28.5 6.5 11.4 3.9 9.1 1.0 3.3 0.4 0.4 24.7 14.6 40.7 33.7 20.7 24.6 7.7 13.7 4.1 8.7 1.9 4.0 0.2 0.7 20.6 10.5 41.3 34.5 23.1 27.7 8.2 12.7 3.8 9.4 2.8 5.0 0.1 0.1 24.0 14.4 38.2 30.0 23.0 27.6 8.6 14.3 4.1 8.7 2.1 4.9 - 0.0 19.3 12.1 38.2 29.8 26.2 26.1 9.4 16.8 4.0 9.8 2.8 5.4 0.0 - 16.4 7.6 39.4 31.0 25.1 28.4 11.0 17.5 5.0 8.9 3.1 6.5 - - 15.4 9.9 36.9 27.5 26.8 28.9 11.5 17.1 5.2 9.3 4.2 7.2 - - 13.2 9.7 38.1 26.7 25.9 26.0 11.6 18.9 6.1 10.6 5.2 8.1 - -
35-44 37.5 19.9 43.4 35.7 12.0 25.9 4.6 9.9 1.1 5.7 0.8 2.0 0.6 0.8 30.1 13.4 44.5 35.2 15.6 24.7 6.2 13.8 2.6 9.3 0.7 3.1 0.3 0.5 27.2 14.0 43.7 34.2 18.7 28.2 8.2 12.1 1.3 7.6 0.9 3.7 - 0.2 30.2 16.1 41.3 31.2 18.0 27.9 7.0 13.2 2.7 7.7 0.7 3.7 0.2 0.1 27.6 14.1 42.6 28.9 17.6 26.6 8.0 16.0 3.6 9.8 0.6 4.5 - 0.1 27.2 12.7 37.3 31.4 23.4 27.2 8.6 13.6 2.6 11.1 0.8 4.1 - - 19.8 12.5 43.7 30.9 23.0 27.9 8.5 15.0 3.8 9.9 1.1 3.8 - - 20.9 9.2 41.1 33.8 25.0 26.4 8.6 16.0 3.3 9.4 1.0 5.3 - -
45-54 40.8 17.4 38.5 39.4 10.4 22.2 6.6 12.9 2.1 4.4 0.5 2.0 1.1 1.7 36.4 16.3 43.0 45.2 12.6 21.1 6.0 10.4 0.7 4.4 0.9 2.1 0.5 0.5 36.0 16.3 45.2 45.6 12.4 19.9 3.7 10.8 1.9 4.9 0.5 2.3 0.2 0.2 40.7 20.2 44.0 43.2 9.3 21.2 4.4 10.1 1.1 3.2 0.3 1.8 0.2 0.3 37.0 16.9 48.3 45.8 10.8 24.2 3.1 8.0 0.5 3.4 0.2 1.6 - - 31.8 14.1 50.9 42.0 11.1 21.9 4.7 15.0 1.3 4.3 0.2 2.5 - 0.2 31.0 14.1 51.7 42.6 11.1 22.8 5.2 13.6 0.4 4.1 0.6 2.9 - - 30.9 13.5 49.6 40.3 14.1 26.5 3.2 10.9 1.7 6.1 0.6 2.8 - -
55-64 59.1 17.2 25.8 35.7 7.6 26.7 4.6 12.3 1.2 4.8 - 0.9 1.7 2.5 47.1 12.5 41.1 44.7 4.9 26.0 4.3 10.5 1.7 4.7 0.5 1.6 0.4 - 45.7 18.0 41.7 41.5 9.2 26.0 2.1 8.6 0.6 3.9 0.3 1.6 0.3 0.4 46.5 15.7 36.9 38.1 10.6 27.7 4.7 11.6 1.0 4.8 0.2 1.8 0.1 0.3 44.6 10.7 43.1 51.1 8.4 22.9 2.6 12.0 1.0 2.5 0.4 0.5 - 0.3 42.5 14.7 44.6 43.6 9.3 23.9 3.0 12.0 0.6 4.2 0.1 1.4 - 0.4 35.8 14.0 49.0 47.6 9.4 25.0 4.8 8.5 0.6 2.8 0.1 2.1 0.3 - 32.9 14.0 53.1 50.8 8.8 21.4 3.5 8.6 0.8 2.7 0.9 2.5 - -
Of which 15-24 †††††††† 18.9 †††††††† 13.5 †††††††† 40.0 †††††††† 36.7 †††††††† 27.4 †††††††† 30.7 †††††††††† 9.0 †††††††† 12.3 †††††††††† 3.5 †††††††††† 4.8 †††††††††† 1.0 †††††††††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††† 11.9 †††††††††††††††† 6.5 †††††††††††††† 37.3 †††††††††††††† 32.9 †††††††††††††† 33.7 †††††††††††††† 37.4 †††††††††††† 12.4 †††††††† 16.3 †††††††††† 2.9 †††††††††† 4.4 †††††††††† 1.8 †††††††††† 2.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 8.8 †††††††††† 8.4 †††††††† 33.5 †††††††† 28.9 †††††††† 38.8 †††††††† 38.2 †††††††† 13.7 ††††††††††† 17.6 †††††††††† 3.1 †††††††††† 4.5 †††††††††† 2.2 †††††††††† 2.3 - †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††† 11.7 †††††††† 10.4 ††††††††††† 31.5 †††††††† 29.4 †††††††† 36.8 †††††††† 35.2 †††††††† 14.5 †††††††† 18.7 †††††††††† 3.6 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††††† 1.8 †††††††††† 1.4 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 9.8 †††††††††† 8.9 †††††††† 27.5 †††††††† 26.5 †††††††† 38.5 †††††††† 36.0 †††††††† 18.0 †††††††† 21.4 †††††††††† 5.1 †††††††††† 6.0 †††††††††† 1.1 †††††††††† 1.2 - - †††††††††† 6.8 †††††††††† 5.9 †††††††† 24.5 †††††††† 25.5 †††††††† 38.7 †††††††† 37.0 †††††††† 22.1 †††††††† 24.3 †††††††††† 6.1 †††††††††† 6.3 †††††††††† 1.7 †††††††††† 1.1 †††††††††† 0.1 - †††††††††† 6.4 †††††††††† 6.4 †††††††† 26.0 †††††††† 24.7 †††††††† 40.0 †††††††† 37.4 †††††††† 18.7 †††††††† 22.7 †††††††††† 7.9 †††††††††† 7.8 †††††††††† 1.1 †††††††††† 1.0 - - †††††††††† 6.5 †††††††††† 5.0 †††††††† 26.3 †††††††† 28.4 †††††††† 38.9 †††††††† 34.7 †††††††† 17.9 †††††††† 20.3 †††††††††† 8.0 †††††††††† 9.0 †††††††††† 2.3 †††††††††† 2.7 - -
7. Employment status, main occupation (15-64 years), by sex
Percent.
Employment status 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes
Employed population, number (thousand) †††††† 3,246 †††††† 3,331 †††††† 6,577 †††††† 3,596 †††††† 3,718 †††††† 7,313 †††††† 3,534 †††††† 3,775 †††††† 7,309 †††††† 3,715 †††††† 3,754 †††††††††††† 7,469 †††††††††††† 3,869 †††††††††††† 3,806 †††††††††††† 7,675 †††††††††††† 3,959 †††††††††††† 3,932 †††††††††††† 7,891 †††††††††††† 3,782 †††††††††††† 3,924 †††††††††† 7,706 †††††† 3,882 †††††† 4,068 †††††† 7,951 †††††† 3,973 †††††† 4,272 †††††† 8,245 †††††† 4,029 †††††† 4,322 †††††† 8,352 †††††† 4,167 †††††† 4,440 †††††† 8,607 †††††† 5,360 †††††† 5,056 ††††††† 10,416 †††††† 4,318 †††††† 4,487 †††††† 8,805 †††††† 4,339 †††††† 4,628 †††††† 8,967
Paid employee †††††††† 18.6 †††††††† 27.1 †††††††† 22.9 †††††††† 21.8 †††††††† 29.6 †††††††† 25.8 †††††††† 24.0 †††††††† 32.6 †††††††† 28.4 †††††††† 22.8 †††††††† 30.9 †††††††††††††† 26.9 †††††††††††††† 24.3 †††††††††††††† 35.4 †††††††††††††† 29.8 †††††††††††††† 27.1 †††††††††††††† 35.8 †††††††††††††† 31.4 †††††††††††††† 30.3 †††††††††††††† 41.2 †††††††††††† 35.8 †††††††† 34.9 †††††††† 46.1 †††††††† 40.6 †††††††† 39.3 †††††††† 49.1 †††††††† 44.4 †††††††† 43.4 †††††††† 54.0 †††††††† 48.9 †††††††† 42.8 †††††††† 57.4 †††††††† 50.3 †††††††† 45.2 †††††††† 56.6 ††††††††††† 51.0 †††††††† 40.9 †††††††† 53.1 †††††††† 47.1 †††††††† 40.6 †††††††† 56.4 †††††††† 48.7
Employer †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††† 0.0 - †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 ††††††††††††† -†† †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 0.0 0.2 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1
Own account worker/self-employed †††††††† 32.6 †††††††† 44.1 †††††††† 38.5 †††††††† 30.5 †††††††† 45.6 †††††††† 38.2 †††††††† 30.8 †††††††† 43.0 †††††††† 37.1 †††††††† 52.4 †††††††† 46.0 †††††††††††††† 49.2 †††††††††††††† 56.0 †††††††††††††† 44.7 †††††††††††††† 50.4 †††††††††††††† 58.8 †††††††††††††† 47.9 †††††††††††††† 53.4 †††††††††††††† 60.4 †††††††††††††† 50.0 †††††††††††† 55.1 †††††††† 60.1 †††††††† 49.6 †††††††† 54.7 †††††††† 54.2 †††††††† 45.4 †††††††† 49.6 †††††††† 52.7 †††††††† 42.3 †††††††† 47.3 †††††††† 51.6 †††††††† 37.6 †††††††† 44.4 †††††††† 50.1 †††††††† 39.1 ††††††††††† 44.5 †††††††† 38.6 †††††††† 37.1 †††††††† 37.8 †††††††† 38.4 †††††††† 33.7 †††††††† 36.0
Unpaid family worker †††††††† 46.5 †††††††† 27.0 †††††††† 36.6 †††††††† 47.6 †††††††† 24.7 †††††††† 35.9 †††††††† 45.2 †††††††† 24.1 †††††††† 34.3 †††††††† 24.4 †††††††† 22.6 †††††††††††††† 23.5 †††††††††††††† 19.3 †††††††††††††† 19.5 †††††††††††††† 19.4 †††††††††††††† 13.9 †††††††††††††† 16.2 †††††††††††††† 15.1 †††††††††††††††† 9.3 †††††††††††††††† 8.8 †††††††††††††† 9.0 †††††††††† 5.0 †††††††††† 4.3 †††††††††† 4.7 †††††††††† 6.1 †††††††††† 5.2 †††††††††† 5.6 †††††††††† 3.8 †††††††††† 3.5 †††††††††† 3.7 †††††††††† 5.6 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††††† 5.2 †††††††††† 4.7 †††††††††† 4.0 †††††††††††††† 4.3 †††††††† 20.2 †††††††††† 9.2 †††††††† 14.6 †††††††† 20.9 †††††††††† 9.7 †††††††† 15.1
Other/Donít know †††††††††† 2.2 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 1.9 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 - †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††† 0.0 - - - †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ††††††††††††† -†† 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
8. Employment status, main occupation (15-64 years), by geographical domain
Percent.
Employment status 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Employed population, number (thousand) †††††† 6,577 ††††††††† 591 ††††††††† 713 †††††† 5,273 †††††† 7,313 ††††††††† 670 ††††††††† 685 †††††† 5,959 †††††† 7,309 ††††††††† 680 ††††††††† 698 †††††††††††† 5,932 †††††††††††† 7,469 ††††††††††††††† 686 ††††††††††††††† 735 †††††††††††† 6,048 †††††††††††† 7,675 ††††††††††††††† 688 ††††††††††††††† 772 †††††††††††† 6,215 †††††††††† 7,891 ††††††††† 770 ††††††††† 793 †††††† 6,328 †††††† 7,706 ††††††††† 848 ††††††††† 950 †††††† 5,908 †††††† 7,951 ††††††††† 942 ††††††††† 810 †††††† 6,199 †††††† 8,245 †††††† 1,059 ††††††††† 958 ††††††††† 6,228 †††††† 8,352 †††††† 1,140 ††††††††† 932 †††††† 6,279 †††††† 8,607 †††††† 1,080 †††††† 1,074 †††††† 6,453 ††††††† 10,416 †††††† 1,419 †††††† 1,345 †††††† 7,652 †††††† 8,805 †††††† 1,305 †††††† 2,240 †††††† 5,260 †††††† 8,967 †††††† 1,290 †††††† 2,342 †††††† 5,335
Paid employee †††††††† 22.9 †††††††† 50.9 †††††††† 29.7 †††††††† 18.9 †††††††† 25.8 †††††††† 50.1 †††††††† 40.3 †††††††† 21.4 †††††††† 28.4 †††††††† 53.5 †††††††† 42.1 †††††††††††††† 23.9 †††††††††††††† 26.9 †††††††††††††† 53.2 †††††††††††††† 36.1 †††††††††††††† 22.7 †††††††††††††† 29.8 †††††††††††††† 58.9 †††††††††††††† 40.1 †††††††††††††† 25.3 †††††††††††† 31.4 †††††††† 64.0 †††††††† 39.9 †††††††† 26.4 †††††††† 35.8 †††††††† 55.5 †††††††† 42.9 †††††††† 31.8 †††††††† 40.6 †††††††† 63.6 †††††††† 45.0 †††††††† 36.6 †††††††† 44.4 †††††††† 70.6 †††††††† 51.8 ††††††††††† 38.8 †††††††† 48.9 †††††††† 69.9 †††††††† 50.2 †††††††† 44.9 †††††††† 50.3 †††††††† 70.0 †††††††† 54.0 †††††††† 46.4 ††††††††††† 51.0 †††††††† 74.2 †††††††† 54.6 †††††††† 46.7 †††††††† 47.1 †††††††† 66.3 †††††††† 55.7 †††††††† 38.7 †††††††† 48.7 †††††††† 70.5 †††††††† 57.9 †††††††† 39.5
Employer †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.4 - †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 - †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 - - †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.0 - †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.2 0 †††††††††† 0.1 0 0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0.1 ††††††††††††† -†† †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.6 †††††††††† 0.4 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.5 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1
Own account worker/self-employed †††††††† 38.5 †††††††† 27.7 †††††††† 36.8 †††††††† 39.9 †††††††† 38.2 †††††††† 27.2 †††††††† 37.1 †††††††† 39.5 †††††††† 37.1 †††††††† 24.8 †††††††† 34.0 †††††††††††††† 38.9 †††††††††††††† 49.2 †††††††††††††† 32.5 †††††††††††††† 43.9 †††††††††††††† 51.7 †††††††††††††† 50.4 †††††††††††††† 28.7 †††††††††††††† 44.2 †††††††††††††† 53.6 †††††††††††† 53.4 †††††††† 26.9 †††††††† 48.7 †††††††† 57.2 †††††††† 55.1 †††††††† 33.9 †††††††† 50.3 †††††††† 59.0 †††††††† 54.7 †††††††† 30.6 †††††††† 52.8 †††††††† 58.6 †††††††† 49.6 †††††††† 26.5 †††††††† 44.0 ††††††††††† 54.4 †††††††† 47.3 †††††††† 25.7 †††††††† 47.6 †††††††† 51.2 †††††††† 44.4 †††††††† 25.3 †††††††† 40.8 †††††††† 48.2 ††††††††††† 44.5 †††††††† 23.5 †††††††† 42.2 †††††††† 48.3 †††††††† 37.8 †††††††† 27.2 †††††††† 33.3 †††††††† 42.4 †††††††† 36.0 †††††††† 21.2 †††††††† 30.3 †††††††† 42.0
Unpaid family worker †††††††† 36.6 †††††††† 19.6 †††††††† 31.7 †††††††† 39.2 †††††††† 35.9 †††††††† 22.5 †††††††† 21.9 †††††††† 39.1 †††††††† 34.3 †††††††† 21.1 †††††††† 23.7 †††††††††††††† 37.0 †††††††††††††† 23.5 †††††††††††††† 14.0 †††††††††††††† 19.4 †††††††††††††† 25.1 †††††††††††††† 19.4 †††††††††††††† 12.3 †††††††††††††† 15.8 †††††††††††††† 20.6 †††††††††††† 15.1 †††††††††† 9.0 †††††††† 11.3 †††††††† 16.3 †††††††††† 9.0 †††††††† 10.5 †††††††††† 6.6 †††††††††† 9.2 †††††††††† 4.7 †††††††††† 5.8 †††††††††† 2.2 †††††††††† 4.8 †††††††††† 5.6 †††††††††† 2.7 †††††††††† 4.0 †††††††††††††† 6.4 †††††††††† 3.7 †††††††††† 4.1 †††††††††† 2.1 †††††††††† 3.8 †††††††††† 5.2 †††††††††† 4.7 †††††††††† 5.0 †††††††††† 5.3 †††††††††††††† 4.3 †††††††††† 2.3 †††††††††† 3.1 †††††††††† 4.9 †††††††† 14.6 †††††††††† 6.2 †††††††† 10.4 †††††††† 18.5 †††††††† 15.1 †††††††††† 7.7 †††††††† 11.7 †††††††† 18.4
Other/Donít know †††††††††† 1.9 †††††††††† 1.8 †††††††††† 1.6 †††††††††† 1.9 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.3 - †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 †††††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††††† 0.2 - - †††††††††††††††† 0.3 †††††††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††† 0.0 - - - - - †††††††††† 0.2 0.0 †††††††††† 0.1 †††††††††††††† 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 †††††††††† 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
9. Employment status, main occupation (15-64 years), by geographical domain and sex
Percent.
Employment status 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2019-2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men
Employed population, number (thousand) 3,079 3,092 280 294 339 331 2,461 2,467 3,596 3,718 319 350 305 380 2,971 2,987 3,534 3,775 320 360 321 376 2,893 3,039 3,715 3,754 335 351 362 373 3,018 3,030 3,869 3,806 326 362 401 371 3,142 3,073 3,959 3,932 354 416 403 389 3,202 3,127 3,782 3,924 421 428 454 495 2,907 3,001 3,882 4,068 445 497 393 417 3,045 3,155 3,973 4,272 511 548 454 503 3,008 3,221 4,029 4,322 543 597 449 482 3,036 3,242 4,167 4,440 530 550 502 571 3,134 3,319 5,360 5,056 744 675 700 644 3,916 3,736 4,318 4,487 624 681 1,082 1,158 2,612 2,648 4,339 4,628 590 700 1,110 1,232 2,639 2,696
Paid employee 19.6 29.2 43.1 61.3 23.8 39.7 16.4 24.0 21.8 29.6 44.3 55.4 30.3 48.2 18.5 24.2 24.0 32.6 43.6 62.3 33.9 49.1 20.7 27.0 22.8 30.9 44.1 61.8 30.9 41.2 19.4 26.0 24.3 35.4 52.2 65.0 35.4 45.2 19.9 30.7 27.1 35.8 59.2 68.1 32.6 47.6 22.9 30.1 30.3 41.1 50.7 60.3 34.5 50.7 26.6 36.9 34.9 46.1 56.3 70.1 34.9 54.5 31.8 41.2 39.3 49.1 64.5 76.3 45.2 57.8 34.2 43.1 43.4 54.0 63.1 76.1 41.8 58.1 40.2 49.3 42.8 57.4 63.9 75.9 43.4 63.4 39.1 53.3 56.6 45.2 79.0 68.8 63.0 45.7 51.8 41.4 40.9 53.1 59.6 72.4 50.8 60.2 32.4 45.0 40.6 56.4 61.9 77.7 51.8 63.4 31.0 47.7
Employer 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 - 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.5 - - 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.5 - 0.4 - 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 - 0.1 - - 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 - - - - 0.0 0.0 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 - 0.0 - 0.0 - - - - - 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Own account worker/self-employed 34.4 47.6 32.1 25.2 37.6 40.9 34.2 51.1 30.5 45.6 27.8 26.6 36.1 37.9 30.2 48.8 30.8 43.0 28.8 21.2 34.1 34.0 30.7 46.8 52.4 46.0 38.1 27.2 47.2 40.7 54.6 48.9 56.0 44.7 32.8 25.0 47.7 40.3 59.5 47.6 58.8 47.9 31.1 23.2 54.9 42.3 62.4 51.9 60.4 50.0 37.6 30.2 58.0 43.1 64.1 54.0 60.1 49.6 34.9 26.7 62.3 43.8 63.5 54.0 54.2 45.4 31.3 22.0 50.2 38.4 58.7 50.5 52.7 42.3 30.7 21.1 55.4 40.2 56.2 46.5 51.6 37.6 29.6 21.1 50.9 32.0 55.4 41.3 39.1 50.1 20.3 27.0 33.5 51.4 43.2 53.5 38.6 37.1 32.2 22.7 34.6 32.1 41.7 43.0 38.4 33.7 26.5 16.8 32.9 28.0 43.4 40.7
Unpaid family worker 49.0 29.1 24.2 16.3 41.8 25.5 52.9 31.1 47.6 24.7 27.8 17.7 32.7 13.3 51.3 26.9 45.2 24.1 27.2 15.7 32.1 16.6 48.6 26.0 24.4 22.6 17.5 10.6 21.2 17.6 25.6 24.6 19.3 19.5 15.0 9.9 16.9 14.5 20.0 21.3 13.9 16.2 9.6 8.5 12.5 10.0 14.6 18.0 9.3 8.8 11.6 9.4 7.2 6.1 9.2 9.1 5.0 4.3 8.9 3.0 2.8 1.7 4.8 4.9 6.1 5.2 4.0 1.5 4.5 3.5 6.8 6.0 3.8 3.5 6.2 2.2 2.8 1.5 3.5 4.1 5.6 4.9 6.5 3.0 5.7 4.4 5.4 5.2 4.0 4.7 0.7 4.1 3.2 2.9 4.7 5.0 20.2 9.2 8.1 4.5 14.1 7.0 25.7 11.5 20.9 9.7 10.7 5.2 15.2 8.4 25.5 11.5
Other/Donít know 2.3 1.7 2.3 1.4 2.4 1.2 2.3 1.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 - 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 - - 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 - - - - 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 - 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 0.0 - 0.0 - 0.1 - 0.1 - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
10. Employment population (15-64 years) by main occupation and sex
Percent.
Main occupation 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes
Armed forces occupations 0.1 1.6 0.9 0.0 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.1 1.2 0.7 0.1 1.5 0.8 0.1 1.5 0.8 0.1 1.6 0.9 0.0 1.4 0.7 0.1 1.5 0.8 0.1 1.5 0.8 1.6 0.1 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.9 0.1 1.9 1.0 0.1 1.5 0.8
Manager 0.5 2.1 1.3 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.3 1.3 0.8 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.8 0.6 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.4 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.4 1.1 0.6 1.3 1.0
Professionals 2.7 4.9 3.8 2.5 3.5 3.0 2.6 4.0 3.3 2.0 3.1 2.5 2.0 3.5 2.7 1.8 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.5 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.4 2.8 2.6 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.8 2.8 3.1 3.0
Technicians and associate professionals 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 2.9 2.0 1.0 3.4 2.2 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.9 1.3 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.7 2.9 2.3 2.0 2.7 2.4
Clerical support workers 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.5 2.3 1.9 1.8 3.1 2.5 1.5 2.4 1.9 1.6 3.2 2.4 1.7 2.9 2.3 2.1 3.0 2.6 2.2 3.7 3.0 3.2 4.4 3.9 2.7 4.5 3.6 5.8 3.5 4.7 4.1 5.5 4.8 3.1 4.0 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.3
Service and sales workers 18.5 8.7 13.6 17.0 7.3 12.0 14.5 4.9 9.6 19.6 9.8 14.7 22.4 10.9 16.7 19.9 11.4 15.6 21.6 11.1 16.2 22.8 11.2 16.8 20.1 10.8 15.3 21.2 11.3 16.1 13.8 24.1 18.8 23.5 12.6 17.9 24.5 12.5 18.4 25.7 13.6 19.5
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 58.1 59.4 58.7 52.7 50.1 51.3 47.9 48.0 47.9 47.8 48.1 48.0 44.7 43.5 44.1 44.7 45.3 45.0 42.4 41.0 41.7 41.4 38.2 39.8 39.4 36.3 37.8 35.5 32.7 33.7 28.2 33.7 30.9 32.5 28.5 30.5 33.2 27.6 30.3 33.3 27.5 30.3
Craft and related worker 6.6 5.5 6.1 6.8 11.8 9.4 7.0 11.5 9.3 13.8 10.0 11.9 13.7 11.8 12.8 15.2 11.1 13.1 15.4 13.9 14.6 16.5 16.6 16.5 21.6 19.1 20.3 23.1 24.0 23.5 23.6 22.4 23.0 23.1 24.8 24.0 21.5 24.1 22.9 21.2 26.5 23.9
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 5.8 6.5 6.1 7.5 9.4 8.4 8.8 9.3 9.0 0.5 5.4 3.0 0.5 6.2 3.3 0.3 5.1 2.7 0.3 6.2 3.3 0.6 6.5 3.6 0.8 6.8 3.9 0.6 7.0 3.9 8.7 0.6 4.8 0.5 7.6 4.1 0.9 8.2 4.6 0.8 7.4 4.2
Elementary occupations 6.7 10.0 8.4 10.3 10.7 10.5 16.0 13.6 14.8 13.9 17.8 15.9 14.4 17.3 15.9 15.6 18.3 17.0 14.9 18.0 16.5 12.2 17.2 14.8 11.1 15.5 13.4 11.2 13.6 12.9 13.3 10.2 11.8 11.1 13.1 12.1 10.4 13.5 11.9 10.3 13.0 11.7
Other/Donít know/Not stated 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
11. Employment population (15-64 years) by main occupation and geographical domain
Percent.
Main occupation 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Armed forces occupations 0.8 3.2 1.9 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.9 0.2 0.5 2.3 1.0 0.2 0.7 2.3 1.3 0.4 0.8 1.7 1.1 0.6 0.8 3.0 1.3 0.4 0.9 1.6 2.1 0.5 0.7 1.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 2.0 1.3 0.5 0.8 2.5 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.1 1.1 0.6 0.9 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.0 2.2 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.8 0.9 0.6
Manager 1.3 5.7 1.8 0.7 0.8 1.7 2.5 0.5 0.8 2.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 1.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.4 0.8 0.4 0.6 1.5 0.6 0.4 0.7 1.4 1.4 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.6 0.8 0.8 2.4 1.7 0.4 0.9 2.8 1.1 0.5 0.8 2.9 1.1 0.5 0.7 2.7 1.1 0.4 1.1 2.9 1.4 0.6 1.0 3.6 0.6 0.5
Professionals 3.7 15.4 7.0 1.9 2.9 13.5 5.0 1.4 3.1 14.1 6.6 1.5 2.5 7.2 5.9 1.6 2.7 7.4 5.1 1.9 2.2 7.9 5.7 1.0 2.5 5.9 5.0 1.6 2.9 8.5 6.0 1.7 2.6 6.6 4.1 1.7 3.2 7.2 5.1 2.1 3.5 8.2 4.7 2.5 3.5 9.0 5.4 2.2 3.8 7.8 4.9 2.3 3.0 6.2 3.6 1.9
Technicians and associate professionals 0.6 3.4 1.2 0.3 2.1 7.6 5.5 1.1 2.3 7.4 4.3 1.5 0.9 3.7 1.6 0.5 0.9 4.1 1.3 0.4 0.8 3.4 1.3 0.4 1.0 2.2 1.9 0.6 0.9 2.1 2.0 0.6 1.1 2.4 2.2 0.7 1.3 2.7 2.2 1.0 0.9 2.2 1.2 0.6 1.5 3.2 2.4 1.0 2.3 6.0 2.8 1.2 2.4 6.7 2.7 1.2
Clerical support workers 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.1 1.9 10.3 4.0 0.7 2.4 12.1 5.0 1.0 1.9 11.3 4.6 0.6 2.4 12.4 3.7 1.1 2.3 12.8 4.5 0.8 2.6 9.9 6.1 0.9 3.0 12.0 7.6 1.0 3.9 16.5 6.0 1.4 3.6 12.7 7.2 1.4 4.7 15.6 8.1 2.3 4.8 14.9 9.4 2.5 3.5 11.3 4.0 1.4 3.3 9.4 4.3 1.3
Service and sales workers 13.7 32.6 24.5 10.1 12.1 33.9 21.9 8.6 9.6 28.5 15.6 6.8 14.7 38.4 31.6 10.0 16.7 36.9 37.0 11.9 15.6 35.9 36.9 10.5 16.2 36.5 35.9 10.2 16.8 34.6 38.9 11.3 15.3 29.8 29.8 10.6 16.1 31.5 30.9 11.1 18.8 32.7 32.8 14.1 17.9 29.9 33.1 13.6 18.4 31.8 23.8 12.8 19.5 30.4 23.5 15.1
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 56.7 1.1 35.0 65.8 50.0 1.3 26.6 58.0 47.4 0.4 25.0 55.3 47.9 1.8 19.7 56.6 44.1 1.5 15.3 52.4 45.0 2.0 16.6 53.8 41.7 4.8 11.6 51.9 39.8 1.6 10.8 49.3 37.8 2.4 13.7 47.5 33.7 0.3 11.1 43.1 30.9 1.0 11.5 39.1 30.5 1.2 11.2 38.3 30.3 0.7 15.6 44.0 30.3 1.5 17.4 42.9
Craft and related worker 6.7 10.1 5.9 6.4 9.5 10.5 11.1 9.2 9.3 8.3 15.8 8.7 11.9 19.5 14.3 10.8 12.8 21.7 14.7 11.5 13.1 22.1 13.1 12.0 14.6 24.8 16.3 12.9 16.5 22.7 15.8 15.7 20.3 26.5 22.4 18.9 23.5 27.7 20.6 23.2 23.0 24.0 23.5 22.8 24.0 23.4 22.2 24.3 22.9 23.5 29.0 20.1 23.9 25.7 31.4 20.2
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 6.2 13.5 8.3 5.2 8.6 11.8 7.9 8.3 9.2 10.3 8.8 9.1 3.0 7.9 7.1 1.9 3.3 6.6 7.1 2.5 2.7 6.5 7.2 1.7 3.3 8.2 5.9 2.2 3.6 8.2 7.4 2.4 3.9 6.8 6.8 3.0 3.9 7.3 9.2 2.5 4.8 7.5 7.0 4.0 4.1 9.1 4.2 3.3 4.6 6.8 6.1 3.4 4.2 7.0 5.4 3.0
Elementary occupations 8.6 12.4 12.3 7.7 11.8 7.8 14.5 11.9 15.4 13.8 17.2 15.4 15.8 6.3 13.1 17.3 15.9 6.1 14.0 17.2 17.0 4.9 12.7 19.0 16.5 4.6 13.7 18.6 14.8 7.4 9.2 16.6 13.4 4.5 11.9 15.1 12.9 5.2 11.8 14.5 11.8 3.7 9.0 13.6 12.1 5.2 9.9 13.6 11.9 7.0 11.1 13.6 11.7 7.8 10.0 13.4
Other/Donít know/Not stated 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.4 - - - - - - - - 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100.000013 100 99.9998643 99.9999835 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
12. Employment population (15-64 years) by main occupation, geographical and sex domain
Percent.
 Main occupation 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2021
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men
Armed forces occupations 0.1 1.6 0.5 5.9 0.3 3.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.4 2.7 - 1.9 - 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.3 4.2 - 2.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 1.2 0.6 4.0 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.8 0.1 1.5 0.2 3.1 0.1 2.1 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.5 0.4 5.2 0.2 2.3 - 0.9 0.1 1.6 0.1 2.9 0.1 4.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.4 0.1 3.2 - 1.4 0.0 1.2 0.1 1.5 0.3 3.6 0.0 2.5 0.0 1.0 0.1 1.5 0.5 4.3 0.0 1.7 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 0.3 3.8 0.3 1.9 0.0 1.2 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.3 0.0 2.4 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.9 0.2 3.9 0.2 2.3 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.5 0.4 2.9 0.2 1.6 0.0 1.1
Manager 0.5 2.1 3.9 7.6 0.8 2.9 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.2 0.9 2.5 2.0 3.3 0.3 0.8 0.3 1.3 1.1 4.0 1.0 0.5 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.8 0.9 2.2 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.9 1.1 1.8 0.4 1.2 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.9 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.0 0.2 0.7 0.4 1.0 1.6 1.2 0.7 2.1 0.2 0.8 0.6 1.2 0.7 1.3 0.9 2.3 0.5 1.0 0.5 1.2 1.7 3.1 1.3 2.0 0.1 0.7 0.6 1.2 2.0 3.6 1.0 1.2 0.3 0.8 0.7 1.0 2.6 2.6 0.7 1.4 0.2 0.7 0.4 1.1 1.3 3.9 0.9 1.2 0.1 0.6 0.8 1.4 3.0 2.8 0.9 1.9 0.3 0.9 0.6 1.3 2.5 4.5 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.7
Professionals 2.7 4.9 12.1 19.3 6.1 8.7 1.2 2.6 2.5 3.5 13.4 14.2 5.2 5.7 1.0 1.9 2.6 4.0 13.6 14.7 5.0 8.9 1.0 2.0 2.0 3.1 6.0 8.4 5.6 6.2 1.1 2.1 2.0 3.5 6.0 8.7 4.5 5.6 1.2 2.6 1.8 2.5 8.2 7.6 4.9 6.5 0.7 1.4 2.3 2.8 5.3 6.5 5.1 5.0 1.4 1.9 3.0 2.9 8.5 8.6 6.3 5.8 1.7 1.7 2.4 2.8 6.4 6.8 4.9 3.5 1.4 2.0 3.2 3.1 7.3 7.1 5.8 4.6 2.1 2.1 3.8 3.1 6.5 6.5 5.7 3.8 2.5 2.4 3.6 3.3 10.4 7.8 5.8 5.0 2.2 2.3 3.7 3.9 7.3 8.3 4.7 5.1 2.5 2.2 2.8 3.1 6.5 6.0 3.3 3.8 1.8 2.1
Technicians and associate professionals 0.5 0.8 3.1 3.8 0.9 1.7 0.1 0.3 1.1 2.9 5.4 9.8 2.3 8.8 0.5 1.3 1.0 3.4 4.4 9.3 2.8 5.9 0.4 2.4 0.5 1.2 2.4 4.9 1.1 2.1 0.3 0.7 0.5 1.2 2.6 5.4 1.2 1.5 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.0 2.2 4.4 1.1 1.5 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.0 3.5 1.2 2.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.9 2.3 1.7 2.3 0.4 0.7 0.9 1.4 1.8 2.9 1.6 2.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.9 0.8 4.4 2.2 2.2 0.6 1.3 1.0 0.8 2.8 2.8 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.1 1.8 1.7 4.6 2.2 2.7 0.8 1.2 1.7 2.9 4.2 7.7 2.3 3.3 0.9 1.5 2.0 2.7 5.8 7.4 2.5 2.9 1.0 1.4
Clerical support workers 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 1.5 2.3 8.0 12.5 2.8 5.5 0.7 0.7 1.8 3.1 8.4 15.9 3.0 7.2 0.9 1.0 1.5 2.4 9.5 13.0 2.8 6.4 0.4 0.7 1.6 3.2 9.8 14.8 2.7 4.8 0.6 1.6 1.7 2.9 10.3 15.0 4.3 4.8 0.4 1.1 2.1 3.0 8.4 11.4 5.1 7.0 0.7 1.2 2.2 3.7 9.6 14.1 5.4 9.6 0.7 1.3 3.2 4.4 14.0 18.8 5.0 6.8 1.1 1.6 2.7 4.5 10.3 14.9 6.2 8.1 0.8 2.1 3.4 5.8 18.8 18.8 5.8 10.0 1.6 2.9 4.1 5.5 13.1 16.4 7.3 11.3 2.2 2.8 3.1 4.0 8.7 13.6 4.0 4.1 1.4 1.5 3.1 3.5 10.0 8.9 4.0 4.7 1.2 1.5
Service and sales workers 18.5 8.7 43.8 22.6 32.8 16.0 13.6 6.1 17.0 7.3 46.5 21.3 35.6 12.8 11.7 4.9 14.5 4.9 41.6 16.7 27.9 5.8 9.8 3.3 19.6 9.8 50.1 27.3 41.9 21.7 13.6 6.3 22.4 10.9 45.7 29.0 47.3 25.9 16.8 7.0 19.9 11.4 42.3 30.5 47.5 26.0 13.9 7.0 21.6 11.1 47.2 25.9 48.4 24.5 13.7 6.8 22.8 11.2 44.8 25.4 53.4 25.3 15.6 7.1 20.1 10.8 38.7 21.6 40.8 19.8 13.8 7.6 21.2 11.3 41.3 22.7 43.1 19.5 14.4 8.0 24.0 13.8 26.2 26.2 44.7 22.2 18.2 10.2 23.5 12.6 38.7 22.0 43.4 23.4 18.0 9.3 24.5 12.5 43.0 21.5 30.8 17.3 17.4 8.2 25.7 13.6 38.9 23.3 30.8 17.0 20.7 9.6
Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 58.1 59.4 0.7 1.3 35.6 35.2 67.7 69.5 52.7 50.1 0.8 1.3 28.3 22.9 61.1 59.4 47.9 48.0 0.1 0.6 23.9 23.0 56.2 57.0 47.8 48.1 2.2 1.4 19.3 20.3 56.3 56.9 44.7 43.5 1.3 1.7 16.5 14.1 52.8 52.0 44.7 45.3 2.0 2.0 17.9 15.3 52.8 54.8 42.4 41.0 4.2 5.4 12.3 11.0 52.7 51.1 41.4 38.2 1.7 1.5 12.0 9.6 51.1 47.7 39.4 36.3 2.1 2.8 13.0 14.4 49.7 45.4 35.5 32.0 0.5 0.1 11.6 10.5 45.4 41.0 33.5 28.4 1.3 1.3 12.5 10.5 42.7 35.8 32.5 28.5 1.3 1.1 12.5 9.9 40.5 36.2 33.2 27.6 0.6 0.8 16.7 14.4 47.8 40.2 33.3 27.5 1.8 1.3 17.2 17.7 47.1 38.8
Craft and related worker 6.6 5.5 9.5 10.6 5.0 6.9 6.5 4.8 6.8 11.8 7.6 13.0 5.8 16.9 6.9 11.1 7.0 11.5 5.3 11.3 8.9 23.8 6.9 10.0 13.8 10.0 21.9 17.1 15.3 13.3 12.8 8.8 13.7 11.8 27.3 16.7 15.1 14.3 12.1 10.9 15.2 11.1 30.4 15.1 13.5 12.7 13.7 10.3 15.4 13.9 26.6 23.1 14.0 18.4 14.0 11.9 16.5 16.6 26.1 19.7 12.6 18.9 15.5 15.8 21.6 19.1 30.3 22.9 21.9 22.9 20.0 17.9 23.1 24.0 31.4 24.7 17.7 23.3 22.5 23.9 22.3 23.7 20.8 20.8 18.7 27.8 22.1 23.4 23.1 24.8 27.6 19.6 18.1 26.0 23.2 25.5 21.5 24.1 25.5 21.7 29.1 28.8 17.4 22.7 21.2 26.5 24.5 26.6 32.3 30.7 15.8 24.6
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 5.8 6.5 11.2 15.3 5.7 11.3 5.2 4.8 7.5 9.4 8.6 15.6 3.8 10.8 7.7 8.4 8.8 9.3 8.8 11.8 4.3 12.0 9.3 8.6 0.5 5.4 1.2 14.2 1.0 13.0 0.4 3.4 0.5 6.2 0.3 12.3 0.6 14.1 0.5 4.5 0.3 5.1 0.2 11.8 0.7 14.0 0.3 3.1 0.3 6.2 1.0 15.3 0.1 11.2 0.2 4.1 0.6 6.5 0.4 15.3 0.6 13.8 0.6 4.2 0.8 6.8 0.6 12.6 1.0 12.1 0.8 5.0 0.6 7.0 0.3 13.6 2.4 15.5 0.4 4.5 0.6 8.8 14.0 14.0 0.8 12.4 0.5 7.2 0.5 7.6 0.4 16.9 0.5 7.6 0.5 6.0 0.9 8.2 0.8 12.3 1.2 10.7 0.8 6.1 0.8 7.4 0.9 12.1 0.7 9.6 0.8 5.1
Elementary occupations 6.7 10.0 13.9 11.9 11.5 12.8 5.2 9.4 10.3 10.7 8.3 7.2 14.2 11.4 10.2 11.0 16.0 13.6 16.3 11.2 23.1 10.9 15.2 14.2 13.9 17.8 5.2 7.4 12.5 13.8 15.0 19.5 14.4 17.3 5.7 6.5 11.8 16.3 15.7 18.7 15.6 18.3 3.8 5.8 9.6 15.8 17.7 20.3 14.9 18.0 4.4 4.8 13.0 14.4 16.7 20.4 12.2 17.2 6.1 8.6 7.1 11.1 13.8 19.4 11.1 15.5 4.0 4.9 10.5 13.1 12.4 17.7 12.2 13.6 5.9 4.5 10.1 13.3 13.6 15.4 10.0 13.3 3.1 3.1 9.0 9.0 11.3 15.7 11.1 13.1 5.1 5.3 9.2 10.5 12.4 14.8 10.4 13.5 6.6 7.2 10.0 12.0 11.4 15.7 10.3 13.0 8.7 6.9 8.5 11.4 11.4 15.3
Other/Donít know/Not stated 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 - - - - 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 - - 0.1 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
13. Employed population (15-64 years) by industrial sector (main occupation) and sex
Percent.
Industrial sector (main occupation) 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2019-2020 2019-2021
Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes Women Men Both Sexes
Employed population, (thousand) 3,035 3,068 6,103 3,354 3,474 6,828 3,332 3,493 6,824 3,715 3,754 7,469 3,867 3,806 7,673 3,958 3,932 7,890 3,781 39,240 7,706 3,882 4,068 7,951 3,968 4,267 8,235 4,029 4,322 8,352 4,167 4,441 8,608 4,283 4,483 8,766 4,318 4,487 8,805 4,339 4,628 8,967
Agriculture (Primary) 57.1 57.8 57.4 59.4 56.1 57.7 55.5 55.7 55.6 57.8 57.4 57.6 55.4 52.9 54.2 56.6 55.0 55.8 52.8 49.3 51.0 50.0 47.4 48.7 46.7 43.9 45.3 43.9 39.4 41.5 39.3 33.7 36.4 39.0 35.1 37.0 38.0 33.0 35.5 38.3 33.3 35.7
Industry (Secondary)†† 14.0 12.6 13.3 14.3 15.5 14.9 15.9 15.7 15.8 16.2 15.5 15.9 15.5 17.0 16.2 17.5 16.3 16.9 18.1 19.0 18.6 19.2 20.5 19.9 24.1 24.5 24.3 24.8 26.1 25.5 25.2 27.9 26.6 25.1 27.3 26.2 24.2 27.9 26.1 24.3 30.2 27.3
Services (Tertiary) 28.6 29.5 29.1 26.3 28.4 27.4 28.6 28.6 28.6 26.0 27.0 26.5 29.1 30.1 29.6 26.0 28.7 27.3 29.1 31.7 30.4 30.8 32.1 31.5 29.2 31.5 30.4 31.2 34.4 32.9 35.5 38.4 37.0 35.9 37.6 36.8 37.8 39.1 38.4 37.5 36.5 37.0